Work barriers in the context of pathways to the employment of welfare-to-work clients

Wayne State University, 4756 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.
American Journal of Community Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.74). 01/2008; 40(3-4):301-12. DOI: 10.1007/s10464-007-9144-x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The ability of welfare-to-work clients to leave the welfare rolls and stay in the labor force is often limited by the work barriers they face. Using a sample of 1,404 female welfare-to-work clients we first examined the structure of work barriers and then tested their contribution to current work status in the context of a structural equation model that incorporated other central pathways to employment. Whereas work barriers included diverse factors ranging from lack of transportation to low quality jobs, they were shown to constitute a uni-dimensional construct. Furthermore, work barriers had a net adverse
effect on employment outcomes, controlling for job search self-efficacy and employment intention. We conclude with discussion of implications for the development of welfare-to-work programs and interventions that target low-income women.

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Available from: Shawna J Lee, Jul 29, 2015
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    • "The identification of personal barriers of low education and lack of skills was consistent with previous research (e.g. Giles, Park, & Cai, 2006b; Heflin, 2003; Lee & Vinokur, 2007; Luo & Li, 2001; Ma et al., 2004). The findings were understandable because low education and lack of skills were likely to be associated negatively with the productivity and employment of workers, especially when new technologies, such as computers, were increasingly used in workplaces. "
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    • "For example, research suggests that discrimination within the workplace makes it difficult for racially diverse and gender minority persons to obtain or maintain employment in a desired career (Brown, Reedy, Fountain, Johnson, & Dischiser, 2000; Budge, Tebbe, & Howard, 2010; Cunningham & Singer, 2010; Pololi, Cooper, & Carr, 2010; Shollen, Bland, Finstad, & Taylor, 2009). Other barriers, such as income, education level, and family demands , have been found to infringe upon an individual's ability to freely make career decisions (Brown et al., 2000; Dolan, Braun, Katras, & Seiling, 2008; Lee & Vinokur, 2007; Shollen et al., 2009; Tang & Smith-Brandon, 2001), potentially making it difficult for one to live out the career to which she or he feels called. "
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    • "We would also like to acknowledge the use of data drawn from the EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) and stress that Eurostat has no responsibility for the results and conclusions of this paper. obstacles to the labour market participation of public assistance recipients, include: physical/mental health problems (Taylor and Barusch 2004, Lee and Vinokur 2007, Burtless 1997); low level of education and/or market experience (Perkins 2007, Ayala and Rodriguez 2007, Lorentzen and Dahl 2005, Baider and Frank 2006); inability to find a job or the low quality jobs offers (Lee and Vinokur 2007, Sheldrick et al 2004); existence of dependants and unavailability of care services (Lee and Vinokur 2007, Sheldrick et al 2004, Burtless 1997, Keane and Moffitt 1998); old age (Dahl and Lorentzen 2003, Walker and Shaw 1998, Gustafsson and Voges 1998); alcohol or drug addiction (Taylor and Barusch 2004, Ayala and Rodriguez 2007, Perkins 2007, Baider and Frank 2006); transportation difficulties (Lee and Vinokur 2007, Burtless 1997); and long-time dependence on public assistance benefit (Sanderfur and Cook 1997, Dahl and Lorentzen 2003). Different ALMPs for public assistance recipients have been applied in different countries (Peters 2007). "
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