Recurrent granular cell tumor: how to treat.
ABSTRACT Granular cell tumor is an uncommon lesion usually located in the head and neck region (50%) with a female sex predominance. It is believed to be of primitive neuroectodermal origin. Typical clinical presentation is a small, uninflamed, slowly growing, yellowish mass approximately 2 cm in diameter. Granular cell tumor has a peculiar clinical behavior ranging from clearly benign, locally aggressive, or manifestly malignant. Treatment is surgical excision, but recurrences are possible. In this article, we present a case of recurrent benign granular cell tumor with the discussion of the treatment modalities. The patient was a 16-year-old girl with a 3-year history of a painless mass on the right side of her neck. The mass was excised two times at different centers and diagnosed as granular cell tumor after the pathologic examination. The time interval between the operations and recurrences was approximately 1 year. On physical examination, a yellowish, firm, nodular mass measuring approximately 2 x 1 cm was noted. Cervical lymph nodes were evaluated with ultrasonography preoperatively to exclude metastasis and no pathologic lymph nodes were noted. The lesion was excised under local anesthesia with a 1-cm safe margin and the resulting defect was closed primarily after undermining of the wound edges. Postoperatively, the wound began to heal with a hypertrophic scar and immediate precautions were taken. Topical steroid treatment and silicone blocks were applied. Now the patient is in the sixth postoperative month and followed up every month for signs of recurrence.
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ABSTRACT: Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a rare neoplasm traditionally treated with surgical excision alone. However, recurrences and metastases of GCT have been reported. The authors review the literature and report the case of a 33-year-old black woman with a large, recurrent GCT. The patient was treated with adjuvant radiation therapy and followed without evidence of recurrence. Adjuvant radiotherapy may have a role in the treatment of certain GCT thought, by clinical or pathologic criteria, to be at high risk for recurrence or metastasis, especially in those cases where extensive surgical excision would produce unacceptable morbidity.Cancer 03/1990; 65(4):897-900. DOI:10.1002/1097-0142(19900215)65:43.0.CO;2-1 · 4.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Granular cell tumor was first described by Abrikossoff in 1926. It is rare and usually presents as a benign solitary lesion. Multifocal and malignant forms are known to occur. This presentation illustrates an additional case of granular cell tumor. Clinical and histological features to distinguish malignant and benign forms are presented. Tumor can develop years after therapy for the primary lesion. Treatment recommendations are presented. Patients diagnosed with granular cell tumor require close follow-up. Radiographic evaluation for the presence of metastatic disease is necessary if a malignant variant is suspected.Head & Neck 11/1997; 19(7):634-7. · 3.01 Impact Factor
- American Journal of Roentgenology 07/1995; 164(6):1492-4. DOI:10.2214/ajr.164.6.7754900 · 2.74 Impact Factor