Randomized study of the effect of video education on heart failure healthcare utilization, symptoms and self-care behaviors

Division of Nursing and George M. and Linda H. Kaufman, Center for Heart Failure, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, USA.
Patient Education and Counseling (Impact Factor: 2.6). 01/2008; 69(1-3):129-39. DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2007.08.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Adherence to self-care behaviors improves heart failure (HF) morbidity and life quality. We examined short-term impact of video education (VE) in addition to standard education (SE) on HF healthcare utilization and self-care behavior adherence.
One hundred and twelve hospitalized patients were randomly assigned to SE (n=53) or SE plus VE (n=59). Differences between groups were analyzed in patients who underwent 3-month follow-up (39 SE and 37 VE patients). Mean age was 60+/-14 years; mean HF length was 57 months.
Three-month healthcare utilization was similar between groups but VE patients needed less extra diuretic dosing (P<0.02), received more HF literature (P<0.03), and had less healthcare team telephone communication (P<0.04). VE patients had greater sign/symptom reduction (P<0.04); especially related to edema (P<0.01) and fatigue (P<0.01) and initiated more actions for edema (P<0.05) and dyspnea (with exercise or rest, both P<0.01). Overall, VE patients had a higher mean self-care behavior score (P<0.01), reflecting greater self-care adherence.
Video education prompts self-care behavior adherence to control worsening signs/symptoms of volume overload. During 3-month follow-up, utilization of most healthcare resources was unchanged.
VE is a useful adjunct to in-person education.

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