Effects of treatments on the mortality of Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis: A retrospective study on patients included in the prospective EuroSCAR Study.

Dokumentationszentrum schwerer Hautreaktionen, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (Impact Factor: 5). 02/2008; 58(1):33-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2007.08.039
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT No treatment modality has been established as standard for patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis.
We sought to evaluate the effect of treatment on mortality in a large cohort of patients with Stevens-Johnson syndrome or toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Data on therapy were retrospectively collected from patients in France and Germany enrolled in EuroSCAR, a case-control study of risk factors.
Neither intravenous immunoglobulins nor corticosteroids showed any significant effect on mortality in comparison with supportive care only. Compared with supportive care, odds ratios for death were 1.4 (95% confidence interval: 0.6-4.3) for intravenous immunoglobulins in France and 1.5 (0.5-4.4) in Germany, and 0.4 (0.1-1.7) for corticosteroids in France and 0.3 (0.1-1.1) in Germany.
Such an observational study with retrospective data collection has obvious limitations, including heterogeneity between the countries, supportive care, treatment doses, and durations.
We found no sufficient evidence of a benefit for any specific treatment. The trend for a beneficial effect of corticosteroids deserves further exploration.

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