Intracellular nucleoside triphosphate concentrations in HIV-infected patients on dual nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor therapy

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Birmingham, AL, USA.
Antiviral therapy (Impact Factor: 3.02). 01/2007; 12(6):981-6.
Source: PubMed


Intracellular nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor triphosphate (NRTI-TP) concentrations are crucial in suppressing HIV replication. Little is known about how commonly used dual-NRTI regimens affect the intracellular levels of NRTI-TPs, the active form of these drugs. This study investigates the effect of dual-NRTI therapy in intracellular NRTI-TP levels.
NRTI and NRTI-TP concentrations were evaluated in HIV-infected patients receiving either lamivudine (3TC) and stavudine (d4T) or lamivudine with zidovudine (ZDV); NRTI and NRTI-TP concentrations were determined using a validated HPLC/MS/MS method. Plasma HIV-1 RNA levels were determined at baseline and monthly to examine the relationship between NRTI-TP concentrations and plasma HIV-1 RNA.
Forty-one subjects completed the study. 3TC-TP significantly increased between day 1 and week 28 from 1.48 to 5.00 pmol/10(6) peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC; P < 0.0001). NRTI-TP concentrations for d4T and ZDV did not significantly increase, with values at week 28 of 0.011 and 0.02 pmol/10(6) PBMC, respectively. Mean NRTI-TP/plasma ratios were 3%, 0.007% and 0.05% for 3TC, d4T and ZDV, respectively. Linear relationships were observed between ZDV- and 3TC-TP and changes in plasma HIV-1 RNA.
Of the three drugs studied, only 3TC-TP levels increased significantly between day 1 and week 28. ZDV-TP and 3TC-TP levels were unaffected by dual-NRTI therapy relative to monotherapy, regardless of the combination (3TC-ZDV or 3TC-d4T). Intracellular levels of d4T-TP were similar to previous reports for dual-NRTI therapy; however, in the case of d4T, these values appear lower than those achieved with d4T monotherapy.

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