Cytoplasmic acidification may occur in high-pressure carbon dioxide-treated Escherichia coli K12.

Department of Food Science and Technology, College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University, Japan.
Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 1.27). 11/2007; 71(10):2522-6. DOI: 10.1271/bbb.70313
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT While studying the mechanism by which high-pressure carbon dioxide treatment (HCT) inactivates bacteria, we found that the efficiency of DNA recovery via phenol extraction was extraordinarily low from E. coli K12 cells that had been subjected to HCT. DAPI staining of the treated cells, however, revealed that nuclear DNA was present. Most DNA from the cells subjected to HCT was probably caught in the denatured protein layer during phenol extraction. The efficiency of DNA recovery from proteinase-treated crude extracts from cells subjected to HCT was high. Crude extracts of E. coli K12 cells that had not undergone HCT were intentionally acidified with acetic acid to pH 5.2 to cause acidic coagulation of cytoplasmic proteins. The efficiency of DNA recovery from the acidified extracts was low. These results suggest that in cells subjected to HCT, cytoplasmic pH is reduced to around pH 5.2, and that nuclear DNA becomes entangled in coagulated cytoplasmic proteins. Acidification of the cytoplasm might be the primary mechanism by which HCT inactivates bacteria.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Protein changes in Escherichia coli, when subjected to high-pressure carbon dioxide (HPCD) at 10 MPa and 3 °C for 5-75 min, were assessed using the Bradford method, 2D electrophoresis (2-DE) and liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-MS-MS (LC-ESI-MS-MS). The changes in DNA in E. coli under the same conditions were also investigated by using flow cytometry with propidium iodide and acridine orange, agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) and the comet assay. The results showed that HPCD induced leakage loss of the proteins and DNA of E. coli as a function of treatment time. With regard to the protein changes, 182 proteins in the 2-DE profile were not found in the HPCD-treated E. coli. Among 20 selected protein spots exhibiting significant changes in intensity, 18 protein spots were identified as 15 known proteins and two as hypothetical proteins. These proteins were involved in cell composition, energy metabolism pathways, nucleic acid metabolism, global stress regulation and general metabolism. The DNA denaturation of E. coli induced by HPCD was demonstrated in this study for the first time to our knowledge, and the denaturation was enhanced by increasing treatment time. However, HPCD did not cause DNA degradation, as suggested by both AGE analysis and the comet assay.
    Microbiology 12/2010; 157(Pt 3):709-20. · 3.06 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Carbonic anhydrase is an enzyme that reversibly catalyzes the hydration of carbon dioxide (CO2). It has been suggested recently that this remarkably fast enzyme can be used for sequestration of CO2, a major greenhouse gas, making this a promising alternative for chemical CO2 mitigation. To promote the economical use of enzymes, we engineered the carbonic anhydrase from Neisseria gonorrhoeae (ngCA) in the periplasm of Escherichia coli, thereby creating a bacterial whole-cell catalyst. We then investigated the application of this system to CO2 sequestration by mineral carbonation, a process with the potential to store large quantities of CO2. ngCA was highly expressed in the periplasm of E. coli in a soluble form, and the recombinant bacterial cell displayed the distinct ability to hydrate CO2 when compared with its cytoplasmic-ngCA counterpart and previously reported whole-cell CA systems. The expression of ngCA in the periplasm of E. coli greatly accelerated the rate of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) formation and exerted a striking impact on the maximal amount of CaCO3 produced under conditions of relatively low pH. It was also shown that the thermal stability of the periplasmic enzyme was significantly improved. These results demonstrate that the engineered bacterial cell with periplasmic ngCA can successfully serve as an efficient biocatalyst for CO2 sequestration.
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology 08/2013; · 3.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The heat inactivating effect of low-pressure carbonation (LPC) at 1 MPa against Escherichia coli was enhanced to 3.5log orders. This study aimed to investigate the mechanisms of this increase in heat inactivation efficiency. The increased inactivation ratio was found to be the result of LPC-induced heat sensitization. This sensitization was not due to any physical damage to the cells as a result of the treatment. Following the depletion of intracellular ATP, the failure of the cells to discard protons caused an abnormal decrease in the intracellular pH. However, in the presence of glucose, the inactivation ratio decreased. In addition, a further increase in inactivation of more than 2log orders occurred in the presence of the protein synthesis inhibitor chloramphenicol. Hence, the decreased heat resistance of E. coli under LPC was most likely due to a depletion of intracellular ATP and a decreased capacity for protein synthesis.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 01/2011; 75(10):1945-50. · 1.27 Impact Factor