We have measured the polarizations of J/psi and psi(2S) mesons as functions of their transverse momentum p(T) when they are produced promptly in the rapidity range |y| < 0.6 with p(T) > or =5 GeV/c. The analysis is performed using a data sample with an integrated luminosity of about 800 pb(-1) collected by the CDF II detector. For both vector mesons, we find that the polarizations become increasingly longitudinal as p(T) increases from 5 to 30 GeV/c. These results are compared to the predictions of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics and other contemporary models. The effective polarizations of J/psi and psi(2S) mesons from B-hadron decays are also reported.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We study the production of heavy quarkonium in association with an additional heavy pair. We argue that important contributions may come from phase space regions where three heavy fermions are separated by relative velocities much lower than the speed of light, and to which standard effective field theories do not apply. In this region, infrared sensitive color exchange is specific to the presence of the unpaired (anti)quark. This effect vanishes as the motion of the additional particle becomes relativistic with respect to the pair, and is completely absent for massless quarks and gluons in the final state.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We argue that the s-channel cut contribution to J/psi hadroproduction can be significantly larger than the usual cut contribution of the color-singlet mechanism, which is known to underestimate the experimental measurements. A scenario accounting for intermediate cc[over ] interactions is proposed that reproduces the data at low and midrange transverse momenta P_(T) from the Fermilab Tevatron and BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The J/psi produced in this manner are polarized predominantly longitudinally.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Next-to-leading-order (NLO) QCD corrections to double J/psi production in e+e- annihilation at sqrt[s]=10.6 GeV are calculated. We find that they greatly decrease the cross section, with a K factor (NLO/LO) ranging from -0.31 to 0.25 depending on the renormalization scale. Although the renormalization scale dependence indicates a large uncertainty, when combined with the NLO QCD corrections to J/psi+etac production, it can explain why the double J/psi production could not be found at B factories while the J/psi+etac production could, despite the fact that cross section of the former is larger than that of the latter at LO by a factor of 1.8.
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