Article

Reduced creatine-stimulated respiration in doxorubicin challenged mitochondria: particular sensitivity of the heart.

Institute of Cell Biology, ETH Zurich, CH-8093, Zurich, Switzerland.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Impact Factor: 4.66). 12/2007; 1767(11):1276-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2007.08.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Doxorubicin (DXR) belongs to the most efficient anticancer drugs. However, its use is limited by a risk of cardiotoxicity, which is not completely understood. Recently, we have shown that DXR impairs essential properties of purified mitochondrial creatine kinase (MtCK), with cardiac isoenzyme (sMtCK) being particularly sensitive. In this study we assessed the effects of DXR on respiration of isolated structurally and functionally intact heart mitochondria, containing sMtCK, in the presence and absence of externally added creatine (Cr), and compared these effects with the response of brain mitochondria expressing uMtCK, the ubiquitous, non-muscle MtCK isoenzyme. DXR impaired respiration of isolated heart mitochondria already after short-term exposure (minutes), affecting both ADP- and Cr-stimulated respiration. During a first short time span (minutes to 1 h), detachment of MtCK from membranes occurred, while a decrease of MtCK activity related to oxidative damage was only observed after longer exposure (several hours). The early inhibition of Cr-stimulated respiration, in addition to impairment of components of the respiratory chain involves a partial disturbance of functional coupling between MtCK and ANT, likely due to interaction of DXR with cardiolipin leading to competitive inhibition of MtCK/membrane binding. The relevance of these findings for the regulation of mitochondrial energy production in the heart, as well as the obvious differences of DXR action in the heart as compared to brain tissue, is discussed.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
86 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anthracyclines, such as doxorubicin, are among the most valuable treatments for various cancers, but their clinical use is limited due to detrimental side-effects such as cardiotoxicity. Doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity is emerging as a critical issue among cancer survivors and is an area of much significance to the field of cardio-oncology. Abnormalities in mitochondrial functions such as defects in the respiratory chain, decreased adenosine triphosphate production, mitochondrial DNA damage, modulation of mitochondrial sirtuin activity and free radical formation have all been suggested as the primary causative factors in the pathogenesis of doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. Melatonin is a potent anti-oxidant, is non-toxic and has been shown to influence mitochondrial homeostasis and function. Although a number of studies support the mitochondrial protective role of melatonin, the exact mechanisms by which melatonin confers mitochondrial protection in the context of doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity remain to be elucidated. This review focuses on the role of melatonin on doxorubicin-induced bioenergetics failure, free radical generation and cell death. A further aim is to highlight other mitochondrial parameters such as mitophagy, autophagy, mitochondrial fission and fusion and mitochondrial sirtuin activity which lack evidence to support the role of melatonin in the context of cardiotoxicity.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Pineal Research 09/2014; · 7.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Historically, cellular trafficking of lipids has received much less attention than protein trafficking, mostly because its biological importance was underestimated, involved sorting and translocation mechanisms were not known, and analytical tools were limiting. This has changed during the last decade, and we discuss here some progress made in respect to mitochondria and the trafficking of phospholipids, in particular cardiolipin. Different membrane contact site or junction complexes and putative lipid transfer proteins for intra- and intermembrane lipid translocation have been described, involving mitochondrial inner and outer membrane, and the adjacent membranes of the endoplasmic reticulum. An image emerges how cardiolipin precursors, remodeling intermediates, mature cardiolipin and its oxidation products could migrate between membranes, and how this trafficking is involved in cardiolipin biosynthesis and cell signaling events. Particular emphasis in this review is given to mitochondrial nucleoside diphosphate kinase D and mitochondrial creatine kinases, which emerge to have roles in both, membrane junction formation and lipid transfer.
    Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 12/2013; · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Heart failure is a common complication of doxorubicin (DOX) therapy. Previous studies have shown that DOX adversely impacts cardiac energy metabolism, and the ensuing energy deficiencies antedate clinical manifestations of cardiac toxicity. Brief exposure of cultured cardiomyocytes to DOX significantly decreases creatine transport, which is the cell's sole source of creatine. We present the results of a study performed to determine if physiological creatine supplementation (5 mmol/L) could protect cardiomyocytes in culture from cellular injury resulting from exposure to therapeutic levels of DOX. Creatine supplementation significantly decreased cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and reactive oxygen species production caused by DOX. The protective effect was specific to creatine and depended on its transport into the cell.
    Cardiovascular Toxicology 09/2014; · 2.06 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
54 Downloads
Available from
May 22, 2014