Article

Radiology quiz case 1 - Sclerosing osteomyelitis of Garre, or sclerosing nonsuppurative osteomyelitis

George Washington University, Washington, Washington, D.C., United States
Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.75). 11/2007; 133(10):1058, 1060. DOI: 10.1001/archotol.133.10.1058
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Sclerosing osteomyelitis of Garre is a rare syndrome; the mandible is the most commonly affected bone segment in the cervicofacial region. This chronic disease is characterized by a nonsuppurative ossifying periostitis with subperiosteal bone formation, commonly reactive to a mild infection or irritation. The differential diagnosis must be made with similar clinical conditions with hard mandibular swelling associated with bony sclerosis. Presumptive diagnosis can be achieved by radiology, but such diagnosis must be confirmed by histology. The aim of therapy is to remove the cause when recognized, aided by an adequate antibiotic therapy. Clinical, radiographic, and histologic features are presented in this case report.
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis is a rare chronic inflammatory musculoskeletal process observed in children and young adults. Recently, the acronym SAPHO syndrome (for synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis) was coined to emphasise the association between osteo-articular inflammations and different skin abnormalities which are aseptic and filled with neutrophils. In adults, chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis is now a classical manifestation of SAPHO syndrome. Chronic skin disorders were seen in eight of ten children on follow-up at the University Children's Hospitals in Bern and Zurich and in 61 of 260 paediatric cases reported in the literature. The different skin lesions were palmoplantar pustulosis (n = 40), non-palmoplantar pustulosis (n = 6), psoriasis vulgaris (n = 16) or severe acne (n = 4). More rarely Sweet syndrome (n = 2) or pyoderma gangrenosum (n = 1) were reported. Conclusion: The synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis syndrome is pertinent even in paediatrics since skin involvement is frequent.
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic osteomyelitis with subperiosteal new bone formation results from periosteal reaction to chronic inflammatory/infectious stimulation. In the maxillofacial region, it has traditionally been termed Garrè's osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis and more recently periostitis ossificans. The term Garrè's osteomyelitis has been regarded as a misnomer by many authors in the recent literature. The term chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis, although cumbersome, is considered to be the most accurate description of the pathology. It usually affects the mandible of young patients secondary to dental infection. Management involves removal of the source of infection and antibiotic treatment. We present an unusual case of chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis affecting the mandible of a 12-year-old patient. The source of infection was related to the developing lower left third molar, which had apparently no communication with the oral cavity.
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