Anti-CD166 single chain antibody-mediated intracellular delivery of liposomal drugs to prostate cancer cells
ABSTRACT Targeted delivery of small-molecule drugs has the potential to enhance selective killing of tumor cells. We have identified previously an internalizing single chain [single chain variable fragment (scFv)] antibody that targets prostate cancer cells and identified the target antigen as CD166. We report here the development of immunoliposomes using this anti-CD166 scFv (H3). We studied the effects of a panel of intracellularly delivered, anti-CD166 immunoliposomal small-molecule drugs on prostate cancer cells. Immunoliposomal formulations of topotecan, vinorelbine, and doxorubicin each showed efficient and targeted uptake by three prostate cancer cell lines (Du-145, PC3, and LNCaP). H3-immunoliposomal topotecan was the most effective in cytotoxicity assays on all three tumor cell lines, showing improved cytotoxic activity compared with nontargeted liposomal topotecan. Other drugs such as liposomal doxorubicin were highly effective against LNCaP but not PC3 or Du-145 cells, despite efficient intracellular delivery. Post-internalization events thus modulate the overall efficacy of intracellularly delivered liposomal drugs, contributing in some cases to the lower than expected activity in a cell line-dependent manner. Further studies on intracellular tracking of endocytosed liposomal drugs will help identify and overcome the barriers limiting the potency of liposomal drugs.
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ABSTRACT: Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of bone in children, adolescents, and adults. Despite extensive surgery and adjuvant aggressive high-dose systemic chemotherapy with potentially severe bystander side effects, cure is attainable in about 70% of patients with localized disease and only 20%-30% of those patients with metastatic disease. Targeted therapies clearly are warranted in improving our treatment of this adolescent killer. However, a lack of osteosarcoma-associated/specific markers has hindered development of targeted therapeutics. We describe a novel osteosarcoma-associated cell surface antigen, ALCAM. We, then, create an engineered anti-ALCAM-hybrid polymerized liposomal nanoparticle immunoconjugate (α-AL-HPLN) to specifically target osteosarcoma cells and deliver a cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agent, doxorubicin. We have demonstrated that α-AL-HPLNs have significantly enhanced cytotoxicity over untargeted HPLNs and over a conventional liposomal doxorubicin formulation. In this way, α-AL-HPLNs are a promising new strategy to specifically deliver cytotoxic agents in osteosarcoma.Sarcoma 09/2012; 2012:126906. DOI:10.1155/2012/126906
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ABSTRACT: Transition from hormone-sensitive to hormone-refractory metastatic tumor types poses a major challenge for prostate cancer treatment. Tumor antigens that are differentially expressed during this transition are likely to play important roles in imparting prostate cancer cells with the ability to grow in a hormone-deprived environment and to metastasize to distal sites such as the bone and thus, are likely targets for therapeutic intervention. To identify those molecules and particularly cell surface antigens that accompany this transition, we studied the changes in cell surface antigenic profiles between a hormone-sensitive prostate cancer line LNCaP and its hormone-refractory derivative C4-2B, using an antibody library-based affinity proteomic approach. We selected a naïve phage antibody display library to identify human single-chain antibodies that bind specifically to C4-2B but not LNCaP. Using mass spectrometry, we identified one of the antibody-targeted antigens as the ICAM-1/CD54/human rhinovirus receptor. Recombinant IgG1 derived from this single-chain antibody binds to a neutralizing epitope of ICAM-1 and blocks C4-2B cell invasion through extracellular matrix in vitro. ICAM-1 is thus differentially expressed during the transition of the hormone-sensitive prostate cancer cell line LNCaP to its hormone-refractory derivative C4-2B, plays an important role in imparting the C4-2B line with the ability to invade, and may therefore be a target for therapeutic intervention. KeywordsHormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer-Mass spectrometry-LNCaP-C4-2B-ICAM-1/CD54/rhinovirus receptor-Human single-chain antibodies-Neutralizing human IgGJournal of Molecular Medicine 05/2009; 87(5):507-514. DOI:10.1007/s00109-009-0446-3 · 4.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A digital message is experimentally encoded in the chaotic carrier by turning on and off the external modulation of AOM. Two binary states can be distinguished in the receiver by using the difference of accuracy of chaos-synchronization between turning on and off the modulation.