Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis may give the typical postural abnormalities of advanced ankylosing spondylitis.

Rheumatology Department of Lucania, San Carlo Hospital, Contrada Macchia Romana, 85100 Potenza, Italy.
Rheumatology (Impact Factor: 4.21). 12/2007; 46(11):1709-11. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kem227
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To describe a case-series of patients who presented with the typical postural abnormalities of long-standing advanced ankylosing spondylitis (AS) but were instead found to suffer from diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH).
We enrolled consecutive patients who showed postural abnormalities, which at first suggested to us the diagnosis of long-standing advanced AS, although the diagnostic process led us to the correct diagnosis of DISH. Each patient had a complete physical examination and radiographs of the spine and pelvis, and was investigated for HLA-B27 locus typing.
From 15 June 1998 to 15 June 2006, 15 patients with DISH were seen who presented with the typical postural abnormalities of long-standing advanced AS. All patients were males with a median age of 69 yrs (range 51-91). All lacked HLA-B27 and denied personal or family history of spondyloarthritis. All measurements assessing cervical, thoracic and lumbar spinal movement were abnormal.
Patients suffering from DISH can occasionally have severe limitations of spinal mobility, along with postural abnormalities that resemble long-standing advanced AS. Thus, the differential diagnosis between DISH and advanced AS is not limited to the radiological findings and can also extend to the clinical findings in the two diseases, as is highlighted by our report.

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    ABSTRACT: Both spondylosis and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) are prevalent in humans and are considered distinct entities. Nowadays, the term spondylosis is in the biomedical literature mostly used when concurrently degenerative disc disease is present. In companion animals, many reports on spondylosis, often without intervertebral disc degeneration, are described. The nomenclature and the definitions of both spondylosis and DISH in biomedical and veterinary literature should be more in line to facilitate comparison. Spondylosis and DISH occur in dogs spontaneously and can co-occur in one animal. Specifically, Boxers may serve as translational disease models for the elucidation of the gene(s) involved in the (etio)pathogenesis of spondylosis and DISH or serve as a test population for newly developed treatment options.
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) on spinopelvic alignment in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between DISH and sagittal spinopelvic alignment in patients undergoing surgery for LSS. A total of 132 patients aged >40 years who required surgical procedures for LSS were investigated. DISH was defined by Resnick's and Mata's criteria on preoperative standing whole-spine radiographs. We investigated the prevalence and localization of DISH and its relation to preoperative clinical symptoms. Spinopelvic alignment was measured by the sagittal C7 plumb line, lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, and pelvic parameters. The association between DISH and spinopelvic alignment was analyzed using covariance adjustment for age, sex, spondylolisthesis, and degenerative lumbar scoliosis. The prevalence of DISH was 39.4 % and increased with age. Preoperative symptoms showed no differences, regardless of the presence of DISH. Lumbar and thoracic alignment showed kyphotic change in patients with DISH. Patients with DISH with lower fused vertebral ends at the lumbar level (46 % of DISH) still showed significantly decreased lumbar lordosis (p = 0.014) and decreased sacral slope (p = 0.001) after adjusting for age, sex, spondylolisthesis, and degenerative lumbar scoliosis. The prevalence of DISH in patients with LSS was relatively high. Spinopelvic alignment is affected by the presence of DISH, especially in patients with lower fused vertebral ends at the lumbar lesion. These results may offer an explanation for the frequent kyphotic changes in the spine of elderly patients.
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