Thrombophilia in young patients with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale (PFO)

Clinical Cardiology, Thrombosis Centre, University Hospital, Padova, Italy.
Thrombosis and Haemostasis (Impact Factor: 5.76). 11/2007; 98(4):906-7. DOI: 10.1160/TH07-04-0243
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Conflicting results are available on the association of prothrombotic genetic abnormalities with patent foramen ovale (PFO)-related cerebral ischaemia. We comprehensively sought and identified studies of the association of both the factor V Leiden (FV(G1691A) mutation) and the prothrombin mutation (PT(G20210A) mutation) with PFO-related cerebral ischaemia and did meta-analyses to assess the evidence for such a relation. We analysed data from six eligible studies in 856 cases and 1,001 control subjects. Additional unpublished data from a new series including 463 subjects were also entered into the analysis. The PT(G20210A) variant was significantly associated with PFO-related stroke in comparison with both control subjects (odds ratio [OR] 3.85; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.22 to 6.66) and non-PFO-associated stroke patients (OR 2.31; 95% CI 1.20 to 4.43), whereas a trend toward an association was observed for the FV(G1691A) mutation (OR 1.18; 95% CI 0.73 to 1.90, compared to control subjects; OR 1.14; 95% CI 0.62 to 2.09, compared to non-PFO-associated stroke patients). The status of carrier of either the FV(G1691A) mutation or the PT(G20210A) variant was associated with a risk for stroke of 1.98 (95% CI 1.38 to 2.83) and 1.62 (95% CI 1.03 to 2.57), as compared to control subjects and non-PFO-associated stroke patients, respectively. Addition of common prothrombotic genetic variants to standard initial screening may contribute to stratifying PFO-associated stroke patients at different risk of ischaemic events and targeting secondary prevention strategies.
    Thrombosis and Haemostasis 06/2009; 101(5):813-7. DOI:10.1160/TH08-11-0747 · 5.76 Impact Factor
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