ABSTRACT The differential diagnosis in a pregnant patient who presents with pain and bleeding in the first trimester includes normal early pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, molar pregnancy, and ectopic pregnancy. Knowledge of the sonographic appearance of these entities is helpful at arriving at the correct diagnosis. When no intrauterine pregnancy is visualized, careful attention to the adnexa is crucial for finding an extraovarian mass, since the fallopian tube is the most common location for ectopic pregnancy. This review describes and illustrates the sonographic findings of ectopic pregnancy.
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ABSTRACT: Ectopic pregnancies occur in approximately 1.4% of all pregnancies and account for 15% of pregnancy-related deaths. Considering the high degree of mortality, recognizing an ectopic pregnancy is important. Signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy are nonspecific and include pain, vaginal bleeding, and an adnexal mass. Therefore, imaging can play a critical role in diagnosis. There are different types of ectopic pregnancies, which are tubal, cornual, cesarean scar, cervical, heterotopic, abdominal, and ovarian. Initial imaging evaluation of pregnant patients with pelvic symptoms is by ultrasonography, transabdominal, transvaginal or both. We review the sonographic appearance of different types of ectopic pregnancies that will aid in accurate and prompt diagnosis.01/2014; 4(1):37. DOI:10.4103/2156-7514.137817
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ABSTRACT: Emergency physicians, obstetrician-gynecologists, and other medical specialists use pelvic sonography when caring for patients presenting with early pregnancy-related symptoms. A thin endomyometrial mantle and eccentric placement of a gestational sac should raise the suspicion for an abnormally implanted pregnancy. In such cases, an interstitial ectopic pregnancy or a cornual pregnancy, two clinically distinct entities, must be considered. This article reviews the literature and guidelines on the sonographic measurement of the endomyometrial mantle as a criterion for determining a pregnancy at risk for an abnormal implantation location. We sought to clarify the history and evolution of this measurement to determine what should be considered an abnormal measurement and to understand its diagnostic utility and management implications for the clinician using sonography.Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 07/2014; 33(7):1143-1146. DOI:10.7863/ultra.33.7.1143 · 1.40 Impact Factor
Article: Ultrasound Evaluation of Pelvic Pain[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pelvic pain is a frequent complaint in women presenting to the emergency room or to a physician's office, and ultrasound should be considered the initial imaging modality of choice in the evaluation of women with pelvic pain. This article reviews the ultrasound imaging technique and provides a thorough differential of gynecologic and nongynecologic causes of both acute and chronic pelvic pain. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Radiologic Clinics of North America 11/2014; 52(6):1215-1235. DOI:10.1016/j.rcl.2014.07.008 · 1.83 Impact Factor