Article

t(6;14)(p22;q32): a new recurrent IGH@ translocation involving ID4 in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL).

Leukaemia Research Cytogenetics Group, Cancer Sciences Division, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom.
Blood (Impact Factor: 9.78). 02/2008; 111(1):387-91. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2007-07-092015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Translocations involving the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus (IGH@) at chromosome band 14q32 are common in mature B-cell neoplasms, but are rare in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). Here, we report the translocation, t(6;14)(p22;q32), involving IGH@ as a novel recurrent translocation in 13 BCP-ALL patients. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and long-distance inverse polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identified ID4 as the partner gene. Breakpoints were scattered over a 19kb region centromeric of ID4. Quantitative real-time PCR showed up-regulation of ID4 mRNA. All patients had deletions of CDKN2A and PAX5 located on the short arm of chromosome 9, frequently as a result of an isochromosome, i(9)(q10) (9/13, 69%). This study defines a new subgroup of BCP-ALL characterized by ID4 over-expression and CDKN2A and PAX5 deletions. Preliminary survival data suggest that this subgroup may be associated with a good response to therapy.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
133 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression and clinical relevance of inhibitor of differentiation (ID) proteins in biliary tract cancer. ID protein expression was analyzed in 129 samples from patients with advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC) (45 extrahepatic, 50 intrahepatic, and 34 gallbladder cancers), compared to normal controls and correlated with clinical an pathological parameters. ID1-3 proteins are frequently overexpressed in all BTC subtypes analyzed. No correlation between increased ID protein expression and tumor grading, tumor subtype or treatment response was detected. Survival was influenced primary tumor localization (extrahepatic vs intrahepatic and gall bladder cancer, OS 1.5 years vs 0.9 years vs 0.7 years, P = 0.002), by stage at diagnosis (OS 2.7 years in stage I vs 0.6 years in stage IV, P < 0.001), resection status and response to systemic chemotherapy. In a multivariate model, ID protein expression did not correlate with clinical prognosis. Nevertheless, there was a trend of shorter OS in patients with loss of cytoplasmic ID4 protein expression (P = 0.076). ID protein expression is frequently deregulated in BTC but does not influence clinical prognosis. Their usefulness as prognostic biomarkers in BTC is very limited.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2013; 19(48):9334-42. · 2.55 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lenalidomide belongs to a novel class of drugs called Immunomodulators which are now being used for the treatment of plasma cell dyscrasias with variable degrees of efficacy and toxicity. Though Second Primary Malignancies (SPM) have been a concern with its use, the benefits of the treatment outweigh the risks. The leukemogenic risk seems to be potentiated especially when combined with alkylating agents and the SPMs documented are predominantly myeloblastic. To date there are no reported cases of new lymphocytic leukemias in AL amyloidosis, regardless of whether undergone treatment or not. We present a case of AL amylodosis who was treated with lenalidomide and subsequently developed acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology. 01/2014; 7(5):2683-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the pediatric population, B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) is the most prevalent childhood hematological malignancy, as well as the leading cause of childhood cancer-related mortality. Advances in cytogenetics utilizing array-based technologies and next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques have revealed exciting insights into the genetic basis of this disease, with the hopes of developing individualized treatment plans for affected children. In this comprehensive review, we discuss our current understanding of childhood (pediatric) B-ALL and highlight the most recent genetic advances and their therapeutic implications.
    Experimental hematology & oncology. 01/2014; 3:16.

Full-text

View
33 Downloads
Available from
Jun 5, 2014