Article

Intravesical treatments for painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis

Liverpool Women's Hospital, Urogynaecology, Crown St, Liverpool, Merseyside, UK, L87SS.
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) (Impact Factor: 5.94). 02/2007; DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006113.pub2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Painful Bladder Syndrome/Interstitial Cystitis (PBS/IC) occurs predominantly in women. It is a poorly-understood condition with symptoms of bladder pain, urinary frequency, urgency and nocturia. Treatments for PBS/IC include dietary/lifestyle interventions, oral medication, intravesical instillations and, in some cases, surgery. Success rates are generally modest and there is little consensus as to the best form of treatment for this condition.
To assess the effectiveness of intravesical treatment for PBS/IC.
We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group specialised trials register (30 May 2006) as well as reference lists of all selected trials. Recognised researchers in the field were contacted for any additional relevant material.
Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials were included in the review if they had recruited participants with a clinical diagnosis of PBS/IC and if at least one arm of the trial was treatment with an intravesical preparation. Outcome measures were pre-determined, the primary ones being the effect on pain and bladder capacity. Others included symptomatic response to treatment, quality-of-life assessment, economic factors and adverse events.
Two reviewers independently assessed trial eligibility and quality, then extracted relevant data from the studies.
Nine eligible trials were identified - six parallel group, one incomplete cross-over and two cross-over trials - with a total of 616 participants. Six trials compared an 'active' instillation with placebo instillation, two compared different types of instillation, and one was a comparison of an instillation plus bladder training versus bladder training alone. Altogether, the review included trials of six different types of intravesical instillation: Resiniferatoxin, Dimethyl sulfoxide, BCG, pentosanpolysulphate, oxybutin, and alkalinisation of urine pH. Confidence intervals were generally wide. Resiniferatoxin was not associated with sustained differences in the review outcomes reported but pain during instillation and withdrawal from treatment was significantly more common. The data available about Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were very limited but with no apparent differences from placebo. Groups treated with BCG tended to report less pain and fewer general symptoms. Although adverse events were commonly reported, these were no more common after BCG than after placebo instillation. The few data about Pentosanpolysulphate tended to favour the actively treated, but with wide confidence intervals; there was little information about adverse events. Oxybutinin instillation was associated with increased bladder capacity, reduced frequency, improved quality of life scores and fewer drop-outs. Alkalinisation of urine pH did not make any clear difference, but with potentially wide confidence intervals.
Overall, the evidence base for treating PBS/IC using intravesical preparations is limited and the potential for meta-analysis reduced by variation in the outcome measures used. The quality of trial reports was mixed and in some cases this precluded any meaningful data extraction. BCG and oxybutin are reasonably well-tolerated and evidence is most promising for these. Resiniferatoxin showed no evidence of effect for most outcomes and caused pain, which reduced treatment compliance. There is little evidence for the other treatments included in this review. Randomised controlled trials are still needed and study design should incorporate outcomes that are most relevant to these with PBS/IC and should be standardised.

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    • "Une revue de la Cochrane Database a été réalisée et publiée par Dawson et Jamison [65], en 2007. Ils ont retenu neuf études randomisées ou quasi-randomisées comprenant au total 616 patients ayant un syndrome douloureux vésical/cystite interstitielle traité par des instillations endovésicales . "
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