The development of self-awareness of deficits from 1 week to 1 year after traumatic brain injury: Preliminary findings

Department of Occupational Therapy, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA.
Brain Injury (Impact Factor: 1.81). 11/2007; 21(11):1131-6. DOI: 10.1080/02699050701687326
Source: PubMed


To examine the process of recovery of self-awareness with consideration for the variables of severity of injury and deficit factors.
A longitudinal, descriptive design was used.
Eighteen participants and their significant others were interviewed using the Awareness Questionnaire at 1 week, 1 month, 4 months and 1 year post-injury.
Participants differed in self-awareness according to severity of injury, deficit factors and time post-injury. Overall, participants with mild TBI demonstrated better self-awareness. There was a significant interaction effect between severity of injury and time post-injury. Reduced self-awareness of cognitive deficits was noted for the participants with moderate and severe TBI.
Time post-injury, severity of injury and deficit factors are confounding variables in the study of self-awareness.

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