Fragmented QRS on a 12-lead ECG: A predictor of mortality and cardiac events in patients with coronary artery disease
ABSTRACT Fragmented QRS (fQRS) on a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is associated with myocardial scar in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
We postulated that fQRS is a predictor of cardiac events and mortality in patients who have known CAD or who are being evaluated for CAD.
The cardiac events (myocardial infarction, need for revascularization, or cardiac death) and all-cause mortality were retrospectively reviewed in 998 patients (mean age 65.5 +/- 11.9 years, male 967) who underwent nuclear stress test. The fQRS on a 12-lead ECG included various RSR' patterns (> or =1 R' prime or notching of S wave or R wave) without typical bundle branch block in 2 contiguous leads corresponding to a major coronary artery territory.
All-cause mortality (93 [34.1%] vs 188 [25.9%]) and cardiac event rate (135 [49.5%] vs 200 [27.6%]) were higher in the fQRS group compared with the non-fQRS group during a mean follow-up of 57 +/- 23 months. A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed significantly lower event-free survival for cardiac events (P <.001) and all-cause mortality (P = .02). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that significant fQRS was an independent significant predictor for cardiac events but not for all-cause mortality. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed no significant difference between fQRS and Q waves groups for cardiac events (P = .48) and all-cause mortality (P = .08).
The fQRS is an independent predictor of cardiac events in patients with CAD. It is associated with significantly lower event-free survival for a cardiac event on long-term follow-up.
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ABSTRACT: AbStRACt Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most significant and challenging problems facing modern medicine today given its unpredictable nature. The evaluation of the patient at risk for sudden cardiac death still remains a complex task. The use of ICDs (implantable cardioverter defibrillators) remains the mainstay of primary prevention of sudden cardiac death. However, much remains to be determined on how best to identify patients at high risk of sudden cardiac death who would most benefit from ICD implantations. This paper will review the current issues in the risk assessment of sudden cardiac death and non-invasive markers of sudden death.
Article: Fragmented QRS and Chagas' diseaseIndian pacing and electrophysiology journal 11/2014; 14(6):309-10.
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ABSTRACT: Obesity has been associated with significantly greater risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD); however, identifying the obese patient at highest risk remains a challenge. We evaluated the association between QRS fragmentation on the 12-lead electrocardiogram and SCD, in obese/overweight subjects. In the ongoing prospective, community-based Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study (population approximately 1 million), we performed a case-control analysis, comparing obese/overweight SCD victims with obese/overweight controls from the same geographic region. Archived ECGs prior and unrelated to the SCD event were used for cases and all ECG measurements were assessed in blinded fashion. Fragmentation was defined as the presence of RSR' patterns and/or notching of the R/S wave in at least 2 contiguous leads. Analysis was limited to ECGs with QRS duration <120 ms. Overall prevalence of fragmentation was higher in cases (n=185; 64.9±13.8 years; 67.0% male) compared with controls (n=405; 64.9±11.0 years; 64.7% male) (34.6% versus 26.9%, P=0.06). Lateral fragmentation was significantly more frequent in cases (8.1% versus 2.5%; P<0. 01), with non-significant differences in anterior and inferior territories. Fragmentation in multiple territories (≥2) was also more likely to be observed in cases (9.7% versus 4.9%, P=0.02). In multivariable analysis with consideration of established SCD risk factors, lateral fragmentation was significantly associated with SCD (OR 2.84; 95% CI 1.01 to 8.02; P=0.05). QRS fragmentation, especially in the lateral territory is a potential risk marker for SCD independent of the ejection fraction, among obese/overweight subjects in the general population. © 2015 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.Journal of the American Heart Association 02/2015; 4(3). DOI:10.1161/JAHA.114.001654 · 2.88 Impact Factor