Article

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection with fatal necrotizing pneumonia from lip abscess: a case report.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73034, USA.
Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.28). 12/2007; 65(11):2350-3. DOI: 10.1016/j.joms.2006.09.020
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Only recently necrotizing pneumonia was defined as a specific disease entity that is caused by a Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing Staphylococcus aureus strain and is frequently preceded by an influenza infection. Necrotizing pneumonia is characterized by a sudden onset and rapid worsening of symptoms, leukopenia, airway hemorrhages, severe respiratory failure and a high mortality rate. Despite clear epidemiological data, the function of PVL in necrotizing pneumonia has been controversially discussed due to conflicting results from different disease models. Furthermore, there are many proposed mechanisms how a viral infection could facilitate and interact with a bacterial superinfection. In this review, we summarize current data from 43 clinical cases and results from various infection models on necrotizing pneumonia. We discuss the contribution of S. aureus PVL and a preceding influenza infection and present a concept of the pathogenesis of necrotizing pneumonia.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose The purpose of this paper was to undertake a systematic review of literature on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections in oral and maxillofacial online data-bases and discuss the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines and its applications in maxillofacial clinical practice. Materials and Methods The available literature in oral and maxillofacial online databases was searched. The only inclusion criterion was to review published reports, abstracts and retrospective studies with emphasis on the treatment of clinical cases with methicillin-resistant S. aureus infections. Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America for the treatment of methicillin-resistant S. aureus infections in adults and children was reviewed and included in the study. Results Out of 18 articles found with the search terms “Methicillin-resistant S. aureus” and “MRSA” in the online databases 12 articles met the inclusion criteria for this study. The relevant data was extracted and tabulated. Conclusions Conclusions were drawn and discussed based on the reviewed maxillofacial literature and the Guidelines by the IDSA.
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