Chudley McCullough syndrome.
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Chudley McCullough syndrome is characterized by partial agenesis of the corpus callosum, interhemispheric cyst, cerebral and cerebellar cortical dysplasias, and hydrocephalus. This syndromic form of sensorineural hearing loss is rare. Our literature search has located 13 siblings in 6 families with this syndrome. We report a case of Chudley McCullough syndrome and discuss the relevant literature. It is amply clear from the review of literature that treatment of ventricular dilatation or drainage of arachnoid cysts in these cases will not improve the sensorineural hearing loss. CASE ILLUSTRATION: A 14-month-old female child presented with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss. Neuroimaging revealed partial agenesis of the corpus callosum, colpocephaly, and an interhemispheric arachnoid cyst. These associations suggested a diagnosis of Chudley McCullough syndrome.
- SourceAvailable from: Magnus Tisell[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: There are few, limited, and to some extent contradictory, reports on the cellular and subcellular morphology of arachnoid cysts. In the literature cyst membranes are described as similar to, or as vastly different from, normal arachnoid membranes. This paper reports electron microscopic analyses of symptomatic cysts from 24 patients (12 males and 12 females; age 10-79), that underwent fenestration surgery. Fourteen cysts were located in the middle cranial fossa (temporal), one in the interpeduncular cistern, five in the posterior fossa, and four were overlying the frontal cortex. Microscopic findings confirmed the diverse nature of this clinical condition. Twelve cyst walls resembled normal arachnoid, four had a conspicuous core of dense fibrous tissue with a simple epithelial lining, and the remaining aberrant cysts exhibited non-arachnoid luminal epithelia with plentiful microvilli and/or cilia, and also nervous tissue components in the wall. The possible identity and origin of various cyst types are discussed. We hypothesize that cysts are formed mostly at an early stage of embryonic development, as a teratological event. Cysts with various epithelial linings and extracellular components most likely have different barrier properties and fluid turnover characteristics. Further studies are needed to elucidate relations between cyst morphology, fluid composition, pathogenesis, and clinical behaviour including growth rate and relapse tendency.Fluids and barriers of the CNS. 03/2014; 11(1):5.