Article

Lipid peroxidation and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal formation by copper ion bound to amyloid-beta peptide.

Hokkaido Institute of Public Health, Kita 19, Nishi 12, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0819, Japan.
Free Radical Biology and Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.27). 01/2008; 43(11):1552-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2007.08.013
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is proposed to be a toxic factor in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease. The primary products of lipid peroxidation are phospholipid hydroperoxides, and degraded reactive aldehydes, such as HNE, are considered secondary peroxidation products. In this study, we investigated the role of amyloid-beta peptide (A beta) in the formation of phospholipid hydroperoxides and HNE by copper ion bound to A beta. The A beta1-42-Cu2+ (1:1 molar ratio) complex showed an activity to form phospholipid hydroperoxides from a phospholipid, 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl phosphatidylcholine, through Cu2+ reduction in the presence of ascorbic acid. The phospholipid hydroperoxides were considered to be a racemic mixture of 9-hydroperoxide and 13-hydroperoxide of the linoleoyl residue. When Cu2+ was bound to 2 molar equivalents of A beta(1-42) (2 A beta1-42-Cu2+), lipid peroxidation was inhibited. HNE was generated from one of the phospholipid hydroperoxides, 1-palmitoyl-2-(13-hydroperoxy-cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoyl) phosphatidylcholine (PLPC-OOH), by free Cu2+ in the presence of ascorbic acid through Cu2+ reduction and degradation of PLPC-OOH. HNE generation was markedly inhibited by equimolar concentrations of A beta(1-40) (92%) and A beta(1-42) (92%). However, A beta(1-42) binding 2 or 3 molar equivalents of Cu2+ (A beta1-42-2Cu2+, A beta1-42-3Cu2+) acted as a pro-oxidant to form HNE from PLPC-OOH. These findings suggest that, at moderate concentrations of copper, A beta acts primarily as an antioxidant to prevent Cu2+-catalyzed oxidation of biomolecules, but that, in the presence of excess copper, pro-oxidant complexes of A beta with Cu2+ are formed.

1 Bookmark
 · 
64 Views
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The natural product curcumin has been shown to play a role in preventing Aβ amyloid fibril formation. This role could include chelation of transition metal ions such as Cu(2+), known to accelerate amyloid aggregation, and/or curcumin-binding directly to the Aβ protein. To investigate these different roles, curcumin complexation to Cu(2+) was investigated in the presence and absence of two different segments of the Aβ protein including the copper-binding (Aβ6-14) and curcumin-binding (Aβ14-23) domains. Absorbance and fluorescence spectroscopy in 90% water/10% methanol solutions showed that curcumin can bind Cu(2+) to some extent in the presence of both segments despite strong peptide-ion interactions. Estimated Cu(2+)-curcumin binding affinities in the absence (1.6×10(5)M(-1)) and presence (7.9×10(4)M(-1)) of the peptide provide quantitative support for this Cu(2+) chelation role. With the Aβ14-23 segment, the curcumin simultaneously binds to Cu(2+) and the peptide, demonstrating that it can play multiple roles in the prevention of amyloid formation. The stabilities of ternary peptide-Cu(2+)-curcumin complexes were evaluated using ESI mass spectrometry and support the conclusion that curcumin can act as a weak metal ion chelator and also bind directly to the Aβ14-23 peptide segment.
    Biophysical chemistry 09/2013; 184C:62-67. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract The zebrafish is a versatile model organism with the potential to contribute to our understanding of the molecular pathological mechanisms underlying Alzheimer's disease (AD). An early characteristic of AD brain pathology is lipid peroxidation resulting from oxidative stress. However, changes in lipid peroxidation have not yet been assessed in zebrafish brains, and an earlier attempt to observe changes in F2-isoprostane levels in the brains of zebrafish exposed to hypoxia was unsuccessful. In this article, we examine the utility of various assays of lipid peroxidation and more general assays of intracellular oxidative stress to detect the changes in oxidative stress in the brains of adult zebrafish exposed to hypoxia or explanted into a sodium azide solution for chemical mimicry of hypoxia. Levels of F2-isoprostanes and F4-neuroprostanes were low and variable in zebrafish brains such that statistically significant changes due to hypoxia or chemical mimicry of hypoxia could not be observed. However, measurement of lipid hydroperoxides did reveal significant changes in lipid peroxidation under these conditions, while analyses of catalase gene expression and an assay based on 2',7'-dicholorofluorescein oxidation also revealed changes in oxidative stress levels.
    Zebrafish 05/2014; · 2.88 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
42 Downloads
Available from
May 16, 2014

View other sources