Article

Gender differences in leisure-time physical activity

Post-graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil.
International Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 1.97). 02/2007; 52(1):8-15. DOI: 10.1007/s00038-006-5062-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To explore the association between gender and leisure-time physical activity in a population-based sample of adults living in Brazil. To study a variety of variables possibly associated with physical activity levels.
A multistage sampling of households was undertaken in Pelotas, a medium-sized Southern Brazilian city. Leisure-time physical activity was measured using the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Data on potential predictors of leisure-time physical activity behavior were collected using a standardized questionnaire. 1344 men and 1756 women were interviewed. Several definitions of moderate and vigorous-intensity physical activity were used.
Regardless of the guideline used, males were more active than women. Socioeconomic level was positively associated with leisure-time physical activity in both genders. A positive dose-response between age and inactivity was found in men, but not among women.
Because men and women have different levels of physical activity, and the variables associated with activity levels are not consistent across the genders, interventions promoting physical activity should take these differences into account.

0 Followers
 · 
167 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of leisure time physical activity and episodes of mood alteration in a population based sample of adults, and its relation with gender. Method: This is a cross-sectional population based study with young adults aged between 18 and 35 years old. Sample selection was performed by clusters. The practice of physical activity was evaluated through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), whereas mood disorders were evaluated using a short structured diagnostic interview the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) for DSM-IV and ICD-10 psychiatric disorders. Limitation: Causal inferences are limited due the study's design. Results: Sample consisted of 1953 young adults. The prevalence of leisure time physical activity and of depressive episodes in the total sample was 25.3% and 17.2%, respectively. The prevalence of activity amongst men was 1.18 (CI 95% 1.18-1.32) Limes higher than in the women's group, whereas depression was 1.87 (CI 95% 1.41-2.47) Limes more prevalent amongst women than men. The prevalence of physical activity was not different between women (p=0.287), nor between men (p=0.895) regarding the presence of mania/hypomania episode. Conclusion: The prevalence of physical activity and depression was different concerning gender. The prevalence of physical activity is lower amongst women, whereas the prevalence of depression is higher amongst women when compared to men. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All tights reserved
    Journal of Affective Disorders 08/2014; 169C:165-169. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2014.08.020 · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE To identify gender differences in social support dimensions' effect on adults' leisure-time physical activity maintenance, type, and time. METHODS Longitudinal study of 1,278 non-faculty public employees at a university in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Southeastern Brazil. Physical activity was evaluated using a dichotomous question with a two-week reference period, and further questions concerning leisure-time physical activity type (individual or group) and time spent on the activity. Social support was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale. For the analysis, logistic regression models were adjusted separately by gender. RESULTS A multinomial logistic regression showed an association between material support and individual activities among women (OR = 2.76; 95%CI 1.2;6.5). Affective support was associated with time spent on leisure-time physical activity only among men (OR = 1.80; 95%CI 1.1;3.2). CONCLUSIONS All dimensions of social support that were examined influenced either the type of, or the time spent on, leisure-time physical activity. In some social support dimensions, the associations detected varied by gender. Future studies should attempt to elucidate the mechanisms involved in these gender differences.
    Revista de Saúde Pública 09/2014; 48(4):602-612. DOI:10.1590/S0034-8910.2014048005183 · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • Source

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
72 Downloads
Available from
May 29, 2014