Transcriptional activation of histone genes requires NPAT-dependent recruitment of TRRAP-Tip60 complex to histone promoters during the G1/S phase transition.

Department of Biomedical Genetics, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.
Molecular and Cellular Biology (Impact Factor: 5.04). 02/2008; 28(1):435-47. DOI: 10.1128/MCB.00607-07
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Transcriptional activation of histone subtypes is coordinately regulated and tightly coupled with the onset of DNA replication during S-phase entry. The underlying molecular mechanisms for such coordination and coupling are not well understood. The cyclin E-Cdk2 substrate NPAT has been shown to play an essential role in the transcriptional activation of histone genes at the G(1)/S-phase transition. Here, we show that NPAT interacts with components of the Tip60 histone acetyltransferase complex through a novel amino acid motif, which is functionally conserved in E2F and adenovirus E1A proteins. In addition, we demonstrate that transformation/transactivation domain-associated protein (TRRAP) and Tip60, two components of the Tip60 complex, associate with histone gene promoters at the G(1)/S-phase boundary in an NPAT-dependent manner. In correlation with the association of the TRRAP-Tip60 complex, histone H4 acetylation at histone gene promoters increases at the G(1)/S-phase transition, and this increase involves NPAT function. Suppression of TRRAP or Tip60 expression by RNA interference inhibits histone gene activation. Thus, our data support a model in which NPAT recruits the TRRAP-Tip60 complex to histone gene promoters to coordinate the transcriptional activation of multiple histone genes during the G(1)/S-phase transition.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Meiosis is the process by which diploid germ cells produce haploid gametes. A key event is the formation of the synaptonemal complex. In the pachytene stage, the unpaired regions of X and Y chromosomes form a specialized structure, the XY body, within which gene expression is mostly silenced. In the present study, we showed that SYCP3-like X-linked 2 (SLX2, 1700013H16Rik), a novel member of XLR (X-linked Lymphocyte-Regulated) family, was specifically expressed in meiotic germ cells. In the spermatocyte SLX2 was distributed in the nucleus of germ cells at the preleptotene, leptotene and zygotene stages and is then restricted to the XY body at the pachytene stage. This localization change is coincident with that of phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX), a well-known component of the sex body. Through yeast two-hybrid screening and coimmunoprecipitation assays, we demonstrated that SLX2 interacts with synaptonemal complex central element protein 2 (SYCE2), an important component of synaptonemal complex, and histone acetyltransferase TIP60, which has been implicated in remodeling phospho-H2AX-containing nucleosomes at sites of DNA damage. These results suggest that SLX2 might be involved in DNA recombination, synaptonemal complex formation as well as sex body maintenance during meiosis.
    Gene 06/2013; 527(1). DOI:10.1016/j.gene.2013.06.033 · 2.08 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Infection with the β-herpesvirus human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is lifelong, causing limited disease in healthy adults, but life threatening in immunocompromised individuals. The viral kinase pUL97, a functional ortholog of cellular cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), is critical for HCMV replication and a target for antiviral drug development. Upon kinase inhibition, drug-resistant strains emerge with mutations in UL27, an HCMV gene of unknown function. Using a proteomics approach, we discovered that pUL27 is necessary and sufficient to degrade Tip60, a host acetyltransferase and interacting partner of HIV Tat. Consistent with this, the expression of Tat restored antiviral inhibition of an otherwise resistant HCMV strain. The functional consequence of Tip60 degradation was the induction of the CDK inhibitor p21(Waf1/Cip1) and cell-cycle arrest, representing changes necessary for the antiviral effects of pUL97 inhibition. Consequently, either increasing p21(Waf1/Cip1) expression or decreasing Tip60 levels improved the antiviral activity of the HCMV kinase inhibitor maribavir.
    Cell host & microbe 02/2011; 9(2):103-14. DOI:10.1016/j.chom.2011.01.006 · 12.19 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Tat-interactive protein 60 (Tip60) is a member of the MYST family, proteins of which are related by an atypical histone acetyltransferase (HAT) domain. Although Tip60 has been implicated in cellular activities including DNA repair, apoptosis, and transcriptional regulation, its function during embryonic development is unknown. We ablated the Tip60 gene (Htatip) from the mouse by replacing exons 1-9 with a neomycin resistance cassette. Development and reproduction of wild-type and heterozygous animals were normal. However, homozygous ablation of the Tip60 gene caused embryolethality near the blastocyst stage of development, as evidenced by inability of cells in Tip60-null blastocysts to hatch and survive in culture. Monitoring cell proliferation and death by detecting EdU-substituted DNA and TUNEL labeling revealed suppression of cell proliferation concomitant with increased cell death as Tip60-null cells attempted to hatch from blastocysts. These findings indicate that Tip60 is essential for cellular survival during the blastocyst-gastrula transition of embryogenesis.
    Developmental Dynamics 11/2009; 238(11):2912-21. DOI:10.1002/dvdy.22110 · 2.67 Impact Factor


Available from