Lower early mortality rates among patients receiving antiretroviral treatment at clinics offering cotrimoxazole prophylaxis in Malawi.

HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment Branch, Global AIDS Program, Us centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, GA, USA.
JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (Impact Factor: 4.39). 09/2007; 46(1):56-61. DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3181378ed2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine whether Malawi antiretroviral treatment (ART) clinics providing cotrimoxazole (CTX) prophylaxis had lower early mortality rates compared with clinics not providing CTX.
Retrospective cohort study of eleven ART clinics in Malawi that were or were not providing CTX. Medical record abstraction was performed for all patients (N = 1295) initiating ART between July 1 and December 15, 2005. At 5 ART sites, CTX was given to patients dosed at 960 mg daily or 480 mg twice a day (according to national guidelines).
When all defaults (patients lost to follow-up for >90 days) were excluded from the analysis, the 6-month mortality rate was 10.7% in patients receiving ART at CTX clinics compared with 18.0% in those not at CTX clinics (6-month mortality risk reduction = 40.7%; P = 0.0013). Kaplan-Meier survival curves for patients receiving CTX and patients not receiving CTX were significantly different; survival differences were apparent as early as 40 to 45 days after initiation of ART.
Patients receiving ART in Malawi at clinics offering CTX prophylaxis had significantly reduced mortality during the first 6 months of ART. This additional intervention may have the potential to improve the lives of patients on ART, because CTX is readily available and relatively inexpensive and can, in principle, be easily introduced into ART delivery programs.

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