Article

A survey of energy drink consumption patterns among college students

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Nutrition Journal (Impact Factor: 2.64). 02/2007; 6(1):35. DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-6-35
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Energy drink consumption has continued to gain in popularity since the 1997 debut of Red Bull, the current leader in the energy drink market. Although energy drinks are targeted to young adult consumers, there has been little research regarding energy drink consumption patterns among college students in the United States. The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink consumption patterns among college students, prevalence and frequency of energy drink use for six situations, namely for insufficient sleep, to increase energy (in general), while studying, driving long periods of time, drinking with alcohol while partying, and to treat a hangover, and prevalence of adverse side effects and energy drink use dose effects among college energy drink users.
Based on the responses from a 32 member college student focus group and a field test, a 19 item survey was used to assess energy drink consumption patterns of 496 randomly surveyed college students attending a state university in the Central Atlantic region of the United States.
Fifty one percent of participants (n = 253) reported consuming greater than one energy drink each month in an average month for the current semester (defined as energy drink user). The majority of users consumed energy drinks for insufficient sleep (67%), to increase energy (65%), and to drink with alcohol while partying (54%). The majority of users consumed one energy drink to treat most situations although using three or more was a common practice to drink with alcohol while partying (49%). Weekly jolt and crash episodes were experienced by 29% of users, 22% reported ever having headaches, and 19% heart palpitations from consuming energy drinks. There was a significant dose effect only for jolt and crash episodes.
Using energy drinks is a popular practice among college students for a variety of situations. Although for the majority of situations assessed, users consumed one energy drink with a reported frequency of 1 - 4 days per month, many users consumed three or more when combining with alcohol while partying. Further, side effects from consuming energy drinks are fairly common, and a significant dose effect was found with jolt and crash episodes. Future research should identify if college students recognize the amounts of caffeine that are present in the wide variety of caffeine-containing products that they are consuming, the amounts of caffeine that they are consuming in various situations, and the physical side effects associated with caffeine consumption.

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    • "Enerji içecekleri ise asıl etken madde olan kafein ile birlikte taurin, glukuronolakton, inositol, riboflavin, pridoksin, nikotinamid, diğer B vitaminleri, ginseng ve ginkgo biloba gibi bitki ekstraktları da içerebilmektedir. Ayrıca tatlandırıcı içeren enerji içecekleri de alkolsüz gazlı içecekler piyasasında yerini almıştır (Malinauskas ve ark., 2007; İşçioğlu ve ark., 2010; Hıdırlıoğlu ve ark., 2013; Görgülü ve ark., 2014). Enerji içeceklerinin enerji verici özellikleri içeriklerinde bulunan şeker ve kafeinden ileri gelmektedir. "
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    • "Enerji içecekleri ise asıl etken madde olan kafein ile birlikte taurin, glukuronolakton, inositol, riboflavin, pridoksin, nikotinamid, diğer B vitaminleri, ginseng ve ginkgo biloba gibi bitki ekstraktları da içerebilmektedir. Ayrıca tatlandırıcı içeren enerji içecekleri de alkolsüz gazlı içecekler piyasasında yerini almıştır (Malinauskas ve ark., 2007; İşçioğlu ve ark., 2010; Hıdırlıoğlu ve ark., 2013; Görgülü ve ark., 2014). Enerji içeceklerinin enerji verici özellikleri içeriklerinde bulunan şeker ve kafeinden ileri gelmektedir. "
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    • "Auch unter den in Deutschland befragten Personen werden diese beiden Motive, neben dem Wunsch nach einer generellen, unspezifischen Erhöhung des kognitiven Potentials, als hauptsächliche Gründe für die Einnahme von leistungssteigernden Substanzen berichtet (Eickenhorst et al., 2012). In einer Umfrage zum Gebrauch von Energiedrinks gaben zwei Drittel der studentischen Befragten an, diese zur Energiesteigerung zu konsumieren oder um mit ihrer Unausgeschlafenheit umzugehen (Malinauskas et al., 2007). Sowohl Lifestyle-als auch verschreibungspflichtige Substanzen werden von Studierenden zur Vorbereitung auf Prüfungssituationen eingesetzt (Middendorf, Poskowsky, & Isserstedt, 2012). "
    Dopingforschung, Edited by Antje Dresen, Laurens Form, Ralf Brand, 01/2015: chapter Neuroenhancement zur Steigerung der kognitiven Leistungsfähigkeit im Alltag: pages 217-231; Hofmann., ISBN: 978-3-7780-4870-2
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