CIB1 regulates endothelial cells and ischemia-induced pathological and adaptive angiogenesis.

Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
Circulation Research (Impact Factor: 11.09). 12/2007; 101(11):1185-93. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.107.157586
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pathological angiogenesis contributes to various ocular, malignant, and inflammatory disorders, emphasizing the need to understand this process on a molecular level. CIB1 (calcium- and integrin-binding protein), a 22-kDa EF-hand-containing protein, modulates the activity of p21-activated kinase 1 in fibroblasts. Because p21-activated kinase 1 also contributes to endothelial cell function, we hypothesized that CIB1 may have a role in angiogenesis. We found that endothelial cells depleted of CIB1 by either short hairpin RNA or homologous recombination have reduced migration, proliferation, and tubule formation. Moreover, loss of CIB1 in these cells decreases p21-activated kinase 1 activation, downstream extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 activation, and matrix metalloproteinase 2 expression, all of which are known to contribute to angiogenesis. Consistent with these findings, tissues derived from CIB1-deficient (CIB1-/-) mice have reduced growth factor-induced microvessel sprouting in ex vivo organ cultures and in vivo Matrigel plugs. Furthermore, in response to ischemia, CIB1-/- mice demonstrate decreased pathological retinal and adaptive hindlimb angiogenesis. Ischemic CIB1-/- hindlimbs also demonstrate increased tissue damage and significantly reduced p21-activated kinase 1 activation. These data therefore reveal a critical role for CIB1 in ischemia-induced pathological and adaptive angiogenesis.

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    ABSTRACT: PAKs are serine/threonine kinases that regulate cytoskeletal dynamics and cell migration. PAK1 is activated by binding to the small EF hand protein, CIB1, or to the Rho GTPases Rac1 or Cdc42. The role of PAK1 in angiogenesis was established based only on in vitro studies and its role in angiogenesis in vivo has never been examined. Here we tested the hypothesis that PAK1 is an essential regulator of ischemic neovascularization (arteriogenesis and angiogenesis) and wound healing using a global PAK1 knockout mouse. Neovascularization was assessed using unilateral hindlimb ischemia. We found that plantar perfusion, limb use and appearance were not significantly different between 6-8 week old PAK1-/- and PAK1+/+ mice throughout the 21-day period following hindlimb ischemia; however a slightly delayed healing was observed in 16 week old PAK1-/- mice. In addition, the wound healing rate, as assessed with an ear punch assay, was unchanged in PAK1-/- mice. Surprisingly, however, we observed a notable increase in PAK2 expression and phosphorylation in ischemic gastrocnemius tissue from PAK1-/- but not PAK1+/+ mice. Furthermore, we observed higher levels of activated ERK2, but not AKT, in ischemic and non-ischemic muscle of PAK1-/- mice upon hindlimb ischemic injury. A group I PAK inhibitor, IPA3, significantly inhibited endothelial cell sprouting from aortic rings in both PAK1-/- and PAK1+/+ mice, implying that PAK2 is a potential contributor to this process. Taken together, our data indicate that while PAK1 has the potential to contribute to neovascularization and wound healing, PAK2 may functionally compensate when PAK1 is deficient.
    PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e112239. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The short cytoplasmic tails of the α- and β-chains of integrin adhesion receptors regulate integrin activation and cell signaling. Significantly less is known about proteins that bind to α-integrin cytoplasmic tails (CTs) as opposed to β-CTs to regulate integrins. Calcium and integrin binding protein 1 (CIB1) was previously identified as an αIIb binding partner that inhibits agonist-induced activation of the platelet-specific integrin, αIIbβ3. A sequence alignment of all α-integrin CTs revealed that key residues in the CIB1 binding site of αIIb are well-conserved, and was used to delineate a consensus binding site (I/L-x-x-x-L/M-W/Y-K-x-G-F-F). Because the CIB1 binding site of αIIb is conserved in all α-integrins and CIB1 expression is ubiquitous, we asked if CIB1 could interact with other α-integrin CTs. We predicted that multiple α-integrin CTs were capable of binding to the same hydrophobic binding pocket on CIB1 with docking models generated by all-atom replica exchange discrete molecular dynamics. After demonstrating novel in vivo interactions between CIB1 and other whole integrin complexes with co-immunoprecipitations, we validated the modeled predictions with solid-phase competitive binding assays, which showed that other α-integrin CTs compete with the αIIb CT for binding to CIB1 in vitro. Isothermal titration calorimetry measurements indicated that this binding is driven by hydrophobic interactions and depends on residues in the CIB1 consensus binding site. These new mechanistic details of CIB1–integrin binding imply that CIB1 could bind to all integrin complexes and act as a broad regulator of integrin function.
    Biochemistry 09/2013; 52(40):7082–7090. · 3.38 Impact Factor
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May 30, 2014