A gene regulatory network subcircuit drives a dynamic pattern of gene expression.

Division of Biology, 156-29, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA.
Science (Impact Factor: 31.48). 12/2007; 318(5851):794-7. DOI: 10.1126/science.1146524
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Early specification of endomesodermal territories in the sea urchin embryo depends on a moving torus of regulatory gene expression. We show how this dynamic patterning function is encoded in a gene regulatory network (GRN) subcircuit that includes the otx, wnt8, and blimp1 genes, the cis-regulatory control systems of which have all been experimentally defined. A cis-regulatory reconstruction experiment revealed that blimp1 autorepression accounts for progressive extinction of expression in the center of the torus, whereas its outward expansion follows reception of the Wnt8 ligand by adjacent cells. GRN circuitry thus controls not only static spatial assignment in development but also dynamic regulatory patterning.

1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gene regulatory network (GRN) construction is a central task of systems biology. Integration of different data sources to infer and construct GRNs is an important consideration for the success of this effort. In this paper, we will discuss distinctive strategies of data integration for GRN construction. Basically, the process of integration of different data sources is divided into two phases: the first phase is collection of the required data and the second phase is data processing with advanced algorithms to infer the GRNs. In this paper these two phases are called "structural integration" and "analytic integration," respectively. Compared with the nonintegration strategies, the integration strategies perform quite well and have better agreement with the experimental evidence.
    The Scientific World Journal 12/2012; 2012:435257. DOI:10.1100/2012/435257 · 1.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vertebrate wnt8a links anteroposterior and dorsoventral axis patterning, but the regulation of wnt8a expression and its relationship to mesoderm induction and maintenance pathways is unclear. To address this, we have generated zebrafish transgenic for a modified genomic PAC clone that expresses EGFP from the wnt8a locus. The EGFP reporter transgene is expressed in a pattern nearly identical to wnt8a, including maternal deposition, expression in the ventrolateral mesoderm and in the yolk syncytial layer. Loss of function studies show that wnt8a expression is under biphasic control by Nodal and No Tail/Brachyury, whereby early phase expression is Nodal-dependent but late phase expression is Ntl/Bra dependent. EGFP fluorescence persists in cells that transcribe the reporter, thus comprising a tracer for ventrolaterally derived mesodermal lineages. We use this property to show that wnt8a expression marks Nodal-independent tail mesoderm formation and that Ntl/Bra predominantly regulates wnt8a in paraxial mesoderm progenitors.
    Developmental Dynamics 04/2011; 240(4):898-907. DOI:10.1002/dvdy.22599 · 2.67 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: An organism's genome sequence serves as a blueprint for the proteins and regulatory RNAs essential for cellular function. The genome also harbors cis-acting non-coding sequences that control gene expression and are essential to coordinate regulatory programs during embryonic development. However, the genome sequence is largely identical between cell types within a multi-cellular organism indicating that factors such as DNA accessibility and chromatin structure play a crucial role in governing cell-specific gene expression. Recent studies have identified particular chromatin modifications that define functionally distinct cis regulatory elements. Among these are forms of histone 3 that are mono- or tri-methylated at lysine 4 (H3K4me1 or H3K4me3, respectively), which bind preferentially to promoter and enhancer elements in the mammalian genome. In this work, we investigated whether these modified histones could similarly identify cis regulatory elements within the zebrafish genome. By applying chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by deep sequencing, we find that H3K4me1 and H3K4me3 are enriched at transcriptional start sites in the genome of the developing zebrafish embryo and that this association correlates with gene expression. We further find that these modifications associate with distal non-coding conserved elements, including known active enhancers. Finally, we demonstrate that it is possible to utilize H3K4me1 and H3K4me3 binding profiles in combination with available expression data to computationally identify relevant cis regulatory sequences flanking syn-expressed genes in the developing embryo. Taken together, our results indicate that H3K4me1 and H3K4me3 generally mark cis regulatory elements within the zebrafish genome and indicate that further characterization of the zebrafish using this approach will prove valuable in defining transcriptional networks in this model system.
    Developmental Biology 03/2011; 357(2):450-62. DOI:10.1016/j.ydbio.2011.03.007 · 3.64 Impact Factor


Available from