The adsorption of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and propanol mixtures with regard to wettability of polytetrafluoroethylene II. Adsorption at polytetrafluoroethylene-aqueous solution interface and wettability.
ABSTRACT Measurements of contact angles (theta) of aqueous solutions of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and propanol mixtures at constant CTAB concentration equal to 1x10(-5), 1x10(-4), 6x10(-4) and 1x10(-3) M on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) were carried out. The obtained results indicate that the wettability of PTFE by aqueous solutions of these mixtures depends on their composition and concentration. They also indicate that, contrary to Zisman, there is no linear relationship between cos theta and the surface tension (gamma(LV)), but a linear relationship exists between the adhesional (gamma(LV)cos theta) and surface tension of aqueous solutions of CTAB and propanol mixtures. Curve gamma(LV)cos theta vs gamma(LV) has a slope equal -1 suggesting that adsorption of CTAB and propanol mixtures and the orientation of their molecules at aqueous solution-air and PTFE-aqueous solution interfaces is the same. Extrapolating this curve to the value of gamma(LV)cos theta corresponding to theta=0, the value of the critical tension of PTFE wetting equal 23.4 mN/m was determined. This value was higher than that obtained from contact angles of n-alkanes on PTFE surface (20.24 mN/m). The difference between the critical surface tension values of wetting probably resulted from the fact that at cos theta=1 the PTFE-aqueous solution of CTAB and propanol mixture interface tension was not equal to zero. This tension was determined on the basis of the measured contact angles and Young equation. It appeared that the values of PTFE-aqueous solution of the CTAB and propanol mixtures interface tension can be satisfactorily determined by modified Szyszkowski equation only for solutions in which probably CTAB and propanol molecules are present in monomeric form. However, it appeared that using the equation of Miller et al., in which the possibility of aggregation of propanol molecules in the interface layer is taken into account, it is possible to describe the PTFE-solution interfacial tension for all systems studied in the same way as by the Young equation. On the basis of linear dependence between the adhesional and surface tension it was established that the work of adhesion of aqueous solution of CTAB and propanol mixtures does not depend on its composition and concentration, and the average value of this work was equal to 46.85 mJ/m(2), which was similar to that obtained for adhesion of aqueous solutions of two cationic surfactants mixtures to PTFE surface.
[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nonionic surfactants are advantageous in a diversified range of applications from household cleaners, laundry detergents, and shampoo to paints, coatings, and food emulsifiers because of their low CMC and surface tension values over the ionic surfactants. Nonionic surfactants, in general, are very useful in mixed surfactant systems because of their electrical neutrality. Among the similar class of nonionic surfactants, structural difference is important in the performance. In this study, we report on the adsorption and wetting behavior of two nonionic surfactants (TX-100 and Igepal CO-630) having the same head group but structurally different tail groups. The kinetics of adsorption follows a pseudo-second-order kinetic model and a Langmuir-type isotherm for both the surfactants. The change in contact angle with the concentration of surfactant follows a trend similar to that for adsorption onto a PTFE surface. At low surfactant concentration, Igepal CO-630 shows a slightly higher adsorption density and better wetting properties than TX-100. Both surfactants show lower adsorption densities at the PTFE–water interface than at the air–water interface.Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 01/2011; 50:6138-6145.