Article

Role of polysaccharides in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm development.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1064, United States.
Current Opinion in Microbiology (Impact Factor: 7.22). 01/2008; 10(6):644-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.mib.2007.09.010
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT During the past decade, there has been a renewed interest in using Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a model system for biofilm development and pathogenesis. Since the biofilm matrix represents a crucial interface between the bacterium and the host or its environment, considerable effort has been expended to acquire a more complete understanding of the matrix composition. Here, we focus on recent developments regarding the roles of alginate, Psl, and Pel polysaccharides in the biofilm matrix.

1 Follower
 · 
108 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Indigenous Cr(VI) reducing bacterial strains Pseudomonas aeruginosa Rb-1 and Ochrobactrum intermedium Rb-2 were evaluated for EPS production under Cr(VI) challenged and free conditions. Strain Rb-2 was more efficient in total EPS production (13.63 mg g(-1) ) than Rb-1 (4.15 mg g(-1) ) under Cr(VI) stress. Thick covering of capsular material around the cells of both bacterial strains was detected by electron microscopy. Transmission electron micrographs showed the appearance of pilli like structures under chromium stress by two bacteria suggested the possible involvement of this in exchange of hereditary material to increase their chances of survival under stress conditions. FTIR study showed involvement of sulphonate and hydroxyl groups in the binding with Cr(VI) ions. Solid-state (13) C NMR spectra revealed that EPS produced by both strains exhibited structural similarity with the glucan. The partial psl gene sequences of Rb-1 and Rb-2 showed homology with psl gene of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis protein of various strains of Pseudomonas. This is the first report on the identification of psl gene from Ochrobacterum in NCBI GenBank database up to our knowledge. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Journal of Basic Microbiology 04/2015; DOI:10.1002/jobm.201400885 · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lectin-like bacteriocins of the LlpA family, originally identified in plant-associated bacteria, are narrow-spectrum antibacterial proteins composed of two tandemly organized monocot mannose-binding lectin (MMBL) domains. The LlpA-like bacteriocin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa C1433, pyocin L1, lacks any similarity to known P. aeruginosa bacteriocins. The initial interaction of pyocin L1 with target cells is mediated by binding to d-rhamnose, present in the common polysaccharide antigen of lipopolysaccharides (LPS), but the actual cytotoxic mechanism is unknown. In this study, we characterized the activity range of pyocin L1 and two additional L pyocins revealed by genome mining, representing two highly diverged LlpA groups in P. aeruginosa. The recombinant proteins exhibit species-specific antagonistic activities down to nanomolar concentrations against clinical and environmental P. aeruginosa strains, including several multidrug-resistant isolates. The overlap in target strain spectrum between two close homologues of the pyocin L1 group is only minimal, contrasting with the considerable spectral redundancy of LlpA proteins reported for other Pseudomonas species. No correlation was found between L pyocin susceptibility and phylogenetic relatedness of P. aeruginosa isolates. Sensitive strains were retrieved in 13 out of 15 O serotypes tested, excluding the possibility that the highly variable and immunogenic O serotype antigen of the LPS coating would represent a dominant susceptibility-discriminating factor.
    12/2014; 3(6). DOI:10.1002/mbo3.210
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper describes the use of Surface Plasmon Resonance imaging (SPRi) as an emerging technique to study bacterial physiology in real-time without labels. The overwhelming majority of bacteria on earth exist in large multicellular communities known as biofilms. Biofilms are especially problematic because they facilitate the survival of pathogens, leading to chronic and recurring infections as well as costly industrial complications. Monitoring biofilm accumulation and removal is therefore critical in these and other applications. SPRi uniquely provides label-free, high-resolution images of biomass coverage on large channel surfaces up to 1 cm(2) in real time, which allow quantitative assessment of biofilm dynamics. The rapid imaging capabilities of this technique are particularly relevant for multicellular bacterial studies, as these cells can swim several body lengths per second and divide multiple times per hour. We present here the first application of SPRi to image Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa cells moving, attaching, and forming biofilms across a large surface. This is also the first time that biofilm removal has been visualized with SPRi, which has important implications for monitoring the biofouling and regeneration of fluidic systems. Initial images of the removal process show that the biofilm releases from the surface as a wave along the direction of the fluid flow.
    Biomicrofluidics 03/2014; 8(2):021804. DOI:10.1063/1.4867739 · 3.77 Impact Factor

Preview

Download
1 Download
Available from