IL-17B and IL-17C are associated with TNF-alpha production and contribute to the exacerbation of inflammatory arthritis.

Department of Allergy and Rheumatology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.36). 12/2007; 179(10):7128-36. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.179.10.7128
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT IL-17A is a T cell-derived proinflammatory cytokine that contributes to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Recently, six related molecules have been identified to form the IL-17 family, as follows: IL-17A, IL-17B, IL-17C, IL-17D, IL-17E, and IL-17F. Whereas IL-17A and IL-17F up-regulate IL-6 in synovial fibroblasts, IL-17B and IL-17C are reported to stimulate the release of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta from the monocytic cell line, THP-1 cell. However, their detailed function remains to be elucidated. We report in this study the effects of IL-17 family on the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) progression by T cell gene transfer and bone marrow chimeric mice. The mRNA expressions of IL-17 family (IL-17A, IL-17B, IL-17C, and IL-17F) and their receptor (IL-17R and IL-17Rh1) genes in the arthritic paws of CIA mice were elevated compared with controls. Although IL-17A and IL-17F were expressed in CD4(+) T cells, IL-17B and IL-17C were expressed in the cartilage and in various cell populations in the CIA arthritic paws, respectively. In vitro, IL-17A, IL-17B, IL-17C, and IL-17F induced TNF-alpha production in mouse peritoneal exudate cells. In vivo, adoptive transfer of IL-17B- and IL-17C-transduced CD4(+) T cells evidently exacerbated arthritis. Bone marrow chimeric mice of IL-17B and IL-17C exhibited elevated serum TNF-alpha concentration and the high arthritis score upon CIA induction. Moreover, neutralization of IL-17B significantly suppressed the progression of arthritis and bone destruction in CIA mice. Therefore, not only IL-17A, but also IL-17B and IL-17C play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory arthritis.

Download full-text


Available from: Nelson H Tsuno, Jul 06, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The significance of Th17 cells and interleukin- (IL-)17A signaling in host defense and disease development has been demonstrated in various infection and autoimmune models. Numerous studies have indicated that Th17 cells and its signature cytokine IL-17A are critical to the airway's immune response against various bacteria and fungal infection. Cytokines such as IL-23, which are involved in Th17 differentiation, play a critical role in controlling Klebsiella pneumonia (K. pneumonia) infection. IL-17A acts on nonimmune cells in infected tissues to strengthen innate immunity by inducing the expression of antimicrobial proteins, cytokines, and chemokines. Mice deficient in IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) expression are susceptible to infection by various pathogens. In this review, we summarize the recent advances in unraveling the mechanism behind Th17 cell differentiation, IL-17A/IL-17R signaling, and also the importance of IL-17A in pulmonary infection.
    Clinical and Developmental Immunology 07/2013; 2013:267971. DOI:10.1155/2013/267971 · 2.93 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The development of an immune response to self antigens drives naive T cells to differentiate into subsets of CD8(+) and CD4(+) effector cells including T(H)1, T(H)2, cells and the more recently described T(H)17, and regulatory T cells (T(reg)). Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that engages an uncontrolled influx of inflammatory cells to the joints, eventually leading to joint damage. The role that effector T cells play in the local or systemic maintenance of, or protection against, inflammation and subsequent joint damage is now becoming better understoodthrough the use of animal models. In this review, we will explore the different animal models of RA, and their contribution to elucidating the role that effector T cells play in the regulation, induction, and maintenance of inflammatory joint disease. This understanding will aid in the design of more effective therapeutic strategies for rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders.
    FEBS letters 04/2011; 585(23):3649-59. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2011.04.034 · 3.34 Impact Factor
  • Source