IL-17B and IL-17C Are Associated with TNF- Production and Contribute to the Exacerbation of Inflammatory Arthritis

Department of Allergy and Rheumatology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 4.92). 12/2007; 179(10):7128-36. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.179.10.7128
Source: PubMed


IL-17A is a T cell-derived proinflammatory cytokine that contributes to the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Recently, six related molecules have been identified to form the IL-17 family, as follows: IL-17A, IL-17B, IL-17C, IL-17D, IL-17E, and IL-17F. Whereas IL-17A and IL-17F up-regulate IL-6 in synovial fibroblasts, IL-17B and IL-17C are reported to stimulate the release of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta from the monocytic cell line, THP-1 cell. However, their detailed function remains to be elucidated. We report in this study the effects of IL-17 family on the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) progression by T cell gene transfer and bone marrow chimeric mice. The mRNA expressions of IL-17 family (IL-17A, IL-17B, IL-17C, and IL-17F) and their receptor (IL-17R and IL-17Rh1) genes in the arthritic paws of CIA mice were elevated compared with controls. Although IL-17A and IL-17F were expressed in CD4(+) T cells, IL-17B and IL-17C were expressed in the cartilage and in various cell populations in the CIA arthritic paws, respectively. In vitro, IL-17A, IL-17B, IL-17C, and IL-17F induced TNF-alpha production in mouse peritoneal exudate cells. In vivo, adoptive transfer of IL-17B- and IL-17C-transduced CD4(+) T cells evidently exacerbated arthritis. Bone marrow chimeric mice of IL-17B and IL-17C exhibited elevated serum TNF-alpha concentration and the high arthritis score upon CIA induction. Moreover, neutralization of IL-17B significantly suppressed the progression of arthritis and bone destruction in CIA mice. Therefore, not only IL-17A, but also IL-17B and IL-17C play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory arthritis.

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Available from: Nelson H Tsuno, Oct 08, 2015
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    • "Correspondingly, IL-25 plays distinct roles in immunity, mainly regulating the T helper (Th) 2 response against helminthic parasites and allergic inflammation.4,5,6 IL-17B, IL-17C and IL-17D have been shown to induce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, but their biological function is largely unknown.7,8,9,10 Recent studies by three different groups highlighted the function of IL-17C in mucosal immunity and autoimmune responses.11,12,13 "
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin 17 (IL-17) and its closest relative, IL-17F, have recently drawn much attention in the field of immunology. IL-17 and IL-17F are expressed by a distinct type of T cells, T helper 17 cells and certain other lymphocytes. These cytokines play key regulatory roles in host defense and inflammatory diseases. In this review, we summarize the recent findings in IL-17 biology and the progress towards understanding the regulatory mechanisms of IL-17 expression and signaling mechanisms. This knowledge will benefit the development of novel immune modulators that enhance immunity to various infections and reduce inflammatory damage in infected patients.
    Emerging Microbes and Infections 09/2013; 2(9). DOI:10.1038/emi.2013.58 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    • "Rorc mRNA encodes the transcription factor Rorγt, which is involved in the differentiation of CD4+ T cells to Th17 pro-inflammatory cells. The role of IL-17 in the pathogenesis of arthritis is well known and was first confirmed in the CIA model [53]. In agreement with the FACS results of CD8+ naïve T cells, we also found that the CIA-resistant DBA-2/J strain has diminished numbers of Rorγt+T cells in the periphery (Figure 9). "
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    ABSTRACT: Due to recent studies indicating that the deregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) in T cells contributes to increased severity of rheumatoid arthritis, we hypothesized that deregulated miRNAs may interact with key mRNA targets controlling the function or differentiation of these cells in this disease. To test our hypothesis, we used microarrays to survey, for the first time, the expression of all known mouse miRNAs in parallel with genome-wide mRNAs in thymocytes and naïve and activated peripheral CD3(+) T cells from two mouse strains the DBA-1/J strain (MHC-H2q), which is susceptible to collagen induced arthritis (CIA), and the DBA-2/J strain (MHC-H2d), which is resistant. Hierarchical clustering of data showed the several T cell miRNAs and mRNAs differentially expressed between the mouse strains in different stages of immunization with collagen. Bayesian statistics using the GenMir(++) algorithm allowed reconstruction of post-transcriptional miRNA-mRNA interaction networks for target prediction. We revealed the participation of miR-500, miR-202-3p and miR-30b*, which established interactions with at least one of the following mRNAs: Rorc, Fas, Fasl, Il-10 and Foxo3. Among the interactions that were validated by calculating the minimal free-energy of base pairing between the miRNA and the 3'UTR of the mRNA target and luciferase assay, we highlight the interaction of miR-30b*-Rorc mRNA because the mRNA encodes a protein implicated in pro-inflammatory Th17 cell differentiation (Rorγt). FACS analysis revealed that Rorγt protein levels and Th17 cell counts were comparatively reduced in the DBA-2/J strain. This result showed that the miRNAs and mRNAs identified in this study represent new candidates regulating T cell function and controlling susceptibility and resistance to CIA.
    PLoS ONE 06/2013; 8(1):e54803. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0054803 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "IL-17B was recently identified to activate both TNF and NFkB pathways [25]. IL-17B-induced expression of TNF and IL-1β results in monocytic chemotaxis [26], a phenomenon that is well described in colorectal liver metastases [27,28]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Presently, colorectal cancer (CRC) is staged preoperatively by radiographic tests, and postoperatively by pathological evaluation of available surgical specimens. However, present staging methods do not accurately identify occult metastases. This has a direct effect on clinical management. Early identification of metastases isolated to the liver may enable surgical resection, whereas more disseminated disease may be best treated with palliative chemotherapy. Sera from 103 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma treated at the same tertiary cancer center were analyzed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). Metabolic profiling was done using both supervised pattern recognition and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (O-PLS-DA) of the most significant metabolites, which enables comparison of the whole sample spectrum between groups. The metabolomic profiles generated from each platform were compared between the following groups: locoregional CRC (N = 42); liver-only metastases (N = 45); and extrahepatic metastases (N = 25). The serum metabolomic profile associated with locoregional CRC was distinct from that associated with liver-only metastases, based on 1H NMR spectroscopy (P = 5.10 × 10-7) and GC-MS (P = 1.79 × 10-7). Similarly, the serum metabolomic profile differed significantly between patients with liver-only metastases and with extrahepatic metastases. The change in metabolomic profile was most markedly demonstrated on GC-MS (P = 4.75 × 10-5). In CRC, the serum metabolomic profile changes markedly with metastasis, and site of disease also appears to affect the pattern of circulating metabolites. This novel observation may have clinical utility in enhancing staging accuracy and selecting patients for surgical or medical management. Additional studies are required to determine the sensitivity of this approach to detect subtle or occult metastatic disease.
    Genome Medicine 05/2012; 4(5):42. DOI:10.1186/gm341 · 5.34 Impact Factor
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