LC-MS-based metabonomics analysis.
ABSTRACT Metabonomics aims at the comprehensive and quantitative analysis of wide arrays of metabolites in biological samples. It has shown particular promise in the areas of toxicology and drug development, functional genomics, systems biology, and clinical diagnosis. Comprehensive metabonomics investigations are primarily a challenge for analytical chemistry. High-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) is an established technology in drug metabolite analysis and is now expanding into endogenous metabolite research. Its main advantages include wide dynamic range, reproducible quantitative analysis, and the ability to analyze biofluids with extreme molecular complexity. The aims of developing HPLC-MS for metabonomics range from understanding basic biochemistry to biomarker discovery and the structural characterization of physiologically important metabolites. In this review, the strategy and application of HPLC-MS-based metabonomics are reviewed.
Chapter: Multivariate Calibration[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Chemometrics has been used for some 30 years but there is still need for disseminating the potential benefits to a wider audience. In this paper, we claim that proper analytical chemistry (1) must in fact incorporate a chemometric approach and (2) that there are several significant advantages of doing so. In order to explain this, an indirect route will be taken, where the most important benefits of chemometric methods are discussed using small illustrative examples. Emphasis will be on multivariate data analysis (for example calibration), whereas other parts of chemometrics such as experimental design will not be treated here. Four distinct aspects are treated in detail: noise reduction; handling of interferents; the exploratory aspect and the possible outlier control. Additionally, some new developments in chemometrics are described.Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences, 10/2004; , ISBN: 9780471667193