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Health issues in the Arab American community. Chronic diseases and the potential for prevention in the Arab world: the Jordanian experience.

Behavioral Surveillance Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
Ethnicity & disease (Impact Factor: 0.92). 02/2007; 17(2 Suppl 3):S3-55-S3-56.
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to investigate the effects of supplementation of cinnamon on blood glucose and lipids levels among type1 diabetics. The samples consisted of 60 subjects with type1 diabetes and the doses of cinnamon were equally administered orally in the form of capsules with breakfast, lunch and dinner. The doses were given for 4 weeks. Blood samples were taken on the starting day of the experiment and at the end of 4 weeks. The fasting blood glucose and lipids levels of types1 were determined, from the results obtained the mean value of fasting blood glucose levels for cinnamon doses on the starting day, was found to be 241.5 mg/dl and the mean values for lipids were triglyceride (225.5 mg/dl), total cholesterol (300 mg/dl) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (165.7 mg/dl). When the diabetic individuals used the doses of cinnamon for 4 weeks, their mean fasting blood glucose level dropped to 126.67 mg/dl, triglycerides (150 mg/dl), total cholesterol (210 mg/dl) and LDL (115.5 mg/dl). The reduction in the mean fasting blood glucose and lipids levels were significant at P < 0.001 and P < 0.05 respectively.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction. Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of illness and death in Jordan. Since 2002, the Jordan Ministry of Health, in cooperation with the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, established the Jordan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey to collect information on many of the behaviors and conditions related to NCDs. The objectives of this study were to describe the prevalence of selected NCD risk factors and the relationship between body mass index and selected health conditions among a nationally representative sample of Jordanian adults aged 18 years or older. Methods. We used a multistage sampling design to select 3,688 households, from which we randomly selected and interviewed 1 adult aged 18 years or older. A total of 3,654 adults completed the survey. We randomly selected a sub-sample of 889 interviewed adults and invited them to visit local health clinics for a medical evaluation; we obtained measurements, including fasting blood glucose and blood lipids, from 765 adults. Data were collected between June 1, 2007, and August 23, 2007. Results. Nearly one-third of participants smoked cigarettes, 18% reported having been diagnosed with high blood pressure, and 10% reported frequent mental distress. Compared with survey participants who did not participate in the medical evaluation, those who participated were more likely to self-report high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and diabetes and report lower levels of health-related quality of life. Among participants of the medical evaluation, an estimated 11% reported they had been diagnosed with diabetes by a health professional, and 19% were diagnosed with diabetes according to laboratory testing. Approximately one-third of participants of the medical evaluation were either overweight (30%) or obese (36%). In the fully adjusted model, obese participants of the medical evaluation were nearly 3 times as likely to have high blood pressure and more than 2 times as likely to have high blood cholesterol as normal-weight participants. Conclusion. Diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity are a public health concern in Jordan. Adequate and continuous monitoring of NCD risk factors in Jordan is needed, and the surveillance findings should be used in health promotion and disease prevention activities.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: Non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Jordan. Since 2002 the Jordan Ministry of Health, in cooperation with the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, has established a behavioural risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS) to collect information on many of the behaviors and conditions related to NCDs. Methods A multistage sampling design was used to select house¬holds from which we then randomly selected and inter¬viewed one adult aged 18 years or older. A random sub¬sample of the interviewed adults were then invited to visit the local health clinic, where we obtained medical mea¬surements, including fasting blood glucose and blood lipids. Results Nearly one in three participants smoked cigarettes; two-thirds were overweight or obese; nearly one in five had been diagnosed with high blood pressure; one in ten reported frequent mental distress. Participants who agreed to undergo the medical examination were more likely to have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes and have lower levels of health related quality of life. An estimated 11.5% of participants reported they had been diagnosed with diabetes compared with 19.5% diagnosed by laboratory testing or current use of insulin or an oral hypoglycemic medication. The total prevalence of overweight and obesity based on measured weights and heights was 30.5% and 36.0%, respectively. Discussion Diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity are the major non-communicable diseases burden in Jordan that is likely to increase substantially in the next few years. Adequate and continuous monitoring of NCD risk factors in Jordan is needed, and the surveillance findings should be used in health promotion and disease prevention activities.
    Preventing chronic disease 01/2012; 9:110077. DOI:10.5888/pcd9.110077External · 1.96 Impact Factor