A single RNA recognition motif in splicing factor ASF/SF2 directs it to nuclear sites of adenovirus transcription.
ABSTRACT SR protein ASF/SF2 is a general pre-mRNA splicing factor as well as a regulator of alternative splicing. Data presented here show that ASF/SF2 is efficiently recruited to sites in the nucleus where adenovirus genes are transcribed and the resulting pre-mRNAs are processed. At the intermediate stages of a productive infection, ASF/SF2 colocalizes with small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs), splicing factors in ring-like structures surrounding viral replication centres and, at late stages of the infection, in enlarged speckles. Results presented here demonstrate that ASF/SF2 requires only one of the two RNA-recognition motifs (RRMs) present in the protein for its efficient recruitment to the ring-like structures, where viral pre-mRNAs are transcribed and processed, and that the arginine/serine-rich (RS) domain in ASF/SF2 is both redundant and insufficient for the translocation of the protein to active viral RNA polymerase II genes in adenovirus-infected cells.