The long-term impact of Helicobacter pylori eradication on gastric histology: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
ABSTRACT Helicobacter pylori infection is a crucial factor in the multistep carcinogenic process of gastric cancer. In this process the gastric mucosa evolves through the stages of acute gastritis, chronic gastritis, gastric atrophy (GA), and intestinal metaplasia (IM) before developing gastric adenocarcinoma.
The main aim of this study was to systematically review the long-term effects of H. pylori eradication on gastric histology (i.e. effects on GA and IM for both antrum and corpus) by meta-analyzing all relevant studies.
Extensive English-language medical literature searches for human studies were performed through October 2006, using suitable key words. Pooled estimates [odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI)] were obtained using random-effects model.
For antrum GA the pooled OR with 95% CI was 0.554 (0.372-0.825), p=0.004. For corpus GA the pooled OR was 0.209 (0.081-0.538), p<0.001. For antrum IM the pooled OR was 0.795 (0.587-1.078), p=0.14. For corpus IM the pooled OR was 0.891 (0.663-1.253), p=0.506.
The results showed significant improvement of GA, whereas improvement was not shown for IM.
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ABSTRACT: The influence of gastric and small-intestinal intubation on fed patterns of antropyloroduodenal motility and gastric emptying of a solid meal has been investigated in normal volunteers. In 10 subjects a manometric assembly was passed as far as the fourth part of the duodenum; in 8 other subjects the terminal ileum was intubated; and a further 8 subjects were not intubated. The manometric assemblies were similar, apart from their length, and both incorporated a sleeve/side hole assembly located across the pylorus. All subjects ingested a meal of 100 g 99mTc-labelled liver/ground beef. There was no significant difference in either the lag phase or the linear emptying phase of gastric emptying between the control and duodenal intubation groups. The emptying phase of the test meal, but not the lag phase, was slower (p less than 0.01) in the ileal intubation group than in the non-intubated and duodenal intubation groups. There were fewer (p less than 0.01) antral pressure waves in the ileal than in the duodenal intubation group. We conclude that ileal but not duodenal intubation has an important inhibitory influence on gastric emptying and antral motility.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 02/1991; 26(1):16-22. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Previous research has identified a high risk of gastric carcinoma as well as a high prevalence of cancer precursor lesions in rural populations living in the province of Nariño, Colombia, in the Andes Mountains. A randomized, controlled chemoprevention trial was conducted in subjects with confirmed histologic diagnoses of multifocal nonmetaplastic atrophy and/or intestinal metaplasia, two precancerous lesions. Individuals were assigned to receive anti-Helicobacter pylori triple therapy and/or dietary supplementation with ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, or their corresponding placebos. Gastric biopsy specimens taken at baseline were compared with those taken at 72 months. Relative risks of progression, no change, and regression from multifocal nonmetaplastic atrophy and intestinal metaplasia were analyzed with multivariate polytomous logistic regression models to estimate treatment effects. All statistical tests were two-sided. All three basic interventions resulted in statistically significant increases in the rates of regression: Relative risks were 4.8 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.6-14.2) for anti-H. pylori treatment, 5. 1 (95% CI = 1.7-15.0) for beta-carotene treatment, and 5.0 (95% CI = 1.7-14.4) for ascorbic acid treatment in subjects with atrophy. Corresponding relative risks of regression in subjects with intestinal metaplasia were 3.1 (95% CI = 1.0-9.3), 3.4 (95% CI = 1.1-9.8), and 3.3 (95% CI = 1.1-9.5). Combinations of treatments did not statistically significantly increase the regression rates. Curing the H. pylori infection (which occurred in 74% of the treated subjects) produced a marked and statistically significant increase in the rate of regression of the precursor lesions (relative risks = 8.7 [95% CI = 2.7-28.2] for subjects with atrophy and 5.4 [95% CI = 1.7-17.6] for subjects with intestinal metaplasia). In the very high-risk population studied, effective anti-H. pylori treatment and dietary supplementation with antioxidant micronutrients may interfere with the precancerous process, mostly by increasing the rate of regression of cancer precursor lesions, and may be an effective strategy to prevent gastric carcinoma.JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 01/2001; 92(23):1881-8. · 14.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori colonization and associated inflammation are influenced by local acid output. Infected subjects with acid-related diseases, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are likely to have an antral-predominant gastritis. We hypothesized that long-term acid suppression would result in relatively greater bacterial colonization in the corpus leading to diffuse or corpus-predominant gastritis and that this would be prevented by prior H. pylori eradication. To investigate this, we conducted a prospective, double-blind trial of the effect on gastric histology of 12-month maintenance treatment with omeprazole in H. pylori-positive GERD patients randomly assigned to either an eradication or omeprazole-alone regime. A control group of 20 H. pylori-negative GERD patients also received omeprazole throughout the study period. Biopsies taken at baseline and at 12 months were graded "blind" by a single observer according to the updated Sydney System. The 41 H. pylori-positive subjects with grade B or C esophagitis were randomly assigned (20 to omeprazole alone, 21 to eradication) and 33 subjects completed the 12-month study. There was a significant decline in antral chronic inflammation in initially positive patients between baseline and end in both the eradication group (p =.035) and the omeprazole-alone group (p =.008). However, corpus chronic inflammation increased in the omeprazole-alone group (p =.0156) but decreased in the eradication group. The change toward corpus predominance between baseline and end for the omeprazole-alone group is highly significant (p =.0078). Furthermore, 5 of 11 in the omeprazole-alone group developed mild corpus atrophy, compared to 0 of 8 who had undergone H. pylori eradication. The change in frequency of corpus atrophy between the two groups is significant (p =.02). In H. pylori-positive subjects with GERD, long-term acid suppression leads to a shift from antral- to corpus-predominant gastritis that can be prevented by prior eradication. The shift is accompanied by an increase in corpus atrophy. H. pylori infection should be eradicated prior to long-term acid suppression with proton pump inhibitors.Helicobacter 01/2001; 5(4):206-14. · 3.51 Impact Factor