The Bilhaut-Cloquet procedure for Wassel types III, IV and VII thumb duplication.
ABSTRACT Five cases of Wassel types III, IV and VII thumb duplication underwent a Bilhaut-Cloquet procedure. A stable and mobile metacarpophalangeal joint was achieved in all cases. Interphalangeal joint motion was limited but this joint was stable in all cases. The nail ridge in these thumbs was minimal. A strong, stable thumb of normal size and good appearance can result from the Bilhaut-Cloquet procedure. When one nail is 70% of normal width, a modified procedure using the whole of one nail will avoid the nail ridge, but the nail will still differ from normal.
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ABSTRACT: Despite anatomical metacarpophalangeal joint (MCPJ) reconstruction in radial polydactyly (RP) Wassel IV, the prevention of long-term deformity and instability is still an issue. We report on clinical results following our modified surgical procedure with additional support of the hypoplastic radial collateral ligament complex (RCLC) after musculoligamentous MCPJ reconstruction. Fourteen patients (male: 10, female: 4) with radial resection of isolated RP Wassel IV (1987-2006), average age at surgery 1.7 years (0.6-8.6) were included. Distribution to group A and B depended on the procedure for MCPJ reconstruction. In group A (N = 7), RCLC reinsertion + reinforcement using autologous tendon grafts was performed (follow-up: 4.6 years (1.4-6.9)). Group B (RCLC reinsertion without support) consisted of N = 7 patients; follow-up: 9.6 years (8.2-20.2). The healthy contralateral hand (control A/control B) served as a control. Results were evaluated using our modified Tada-score considering: range of motion (ROM), interphalangeal joint (IPJ) and MCPJ stability on stress examination, palmar abduction and grip strength. Better score results (maximum 10) were seen in A: 7.3 (6-9) compared to B: 6.6 (4-10). Subscore 'stability' A: 1.1 (0-2); B: 0.9 (0-2) and 'alignment' A: 0.86 (0-2); B: 0.57 (0-2) showed greatest influence on the score result. Ulnar angulation at MCPJ level compared to healthy thumbs (control A + B) was greater (p < 0.05), with 11.4° (10-20) in group A and 14.3° (-5 to 30) in group B compared to 0° in control A and 5.7° (0-17) in control B. MCPJ ulnar deviation in A + B: 25° (0-35) compared to healthy thumbs control A + B was higher (p < 0.05). Ulnar deviation was higher in B 45° (30-60) compared to 34° (20-50) in A. In B, instability was evident in four, in A, only in one patient. In B, one patient required two re-operations due to MCPJ instability. Equivalent results were recorded regarding pinch grip and palmar abduction. Anatomical MCPJ reconstruction in combination with autologous support of the hypoplastic RCLC to enhance long-term stability is recommended.Journal of Plastic Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery 08/2012; · 1.44 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Within the Oberg, Manske, Tonkin (OMT) classification, thumb duplications are a failure of formation and/or differentiation affecting the radial-ulnar axis of the hand plate. The Wassel description of seven types of thumb duplication provides a good structure from which an approach to management is based. The aim of surgical reconstruction is to obtain a stable, mobile thumb of adequate size and appropriate shape. The most common form of reconstruction is removal of the lesser digit and reconstruction of the dominant digit. Surgical techniques address the problems of deviation, instability and lack of size. The disadvantages of the Bilhaut-Cloquet procedure, these being joint stiffness and a nail ridge, may be lesser concerns when reconstruction of one digit will not create a satisfactory thumb of adequate mobility, stability, alignment and size. Complicated problems of triphalangism, triplication, ulnar dimelia and the rare circumstance in which neither of the duplicated thumbs may be adequately reconstructed present specific challenges which demand alternative techniques.Clinics in orthopedic surgery 03/2012; 4(1):1-17.
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ABSTRACT: This article, presented in three sections, review the most common upper limb malformations and their treatments. In this section two there's a discussion about failure of formation and duplication of the parts. The bibliography is continuous since section one.Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia 02/2013; 48(1):3-10.