Beyond dichotomy--towards creative synthesis.
ABSTRACT There are two ways for overcoming limitations of methods used in psychology, as Toomela (Integr. Physiol. Behav. Sci. doi:10.1007/s12124-007-9004-0, 2007) points out. These are inventing new methods of research, and looking back into the history of methodological thought for new ideas. Though he limited the former as if it is a quantitative area and he declared to take the latter path, his paper actually advocates the need to create new methodology for understanding the human psyche through historical approach. We discuss problems of sampling and generalization in that context, and suggest a new way to creative synthesis through elaboration of qualitative methodologies. To us this direction constitutes an updated version of the German-Austrian methodology exactly as Toomela suggests.
Article: Psychology in Germany and Austria.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: 140 titles nominated by 15 psychologists at 15 German and Austrian institutions as being the most original studies in those countries are furnished and classified. In general, "German psychology is still more thoughtful, more qualitative, more subjective, more concerned with wholes, more insistent on understanding the particular case, more apt to make typological and characterological studies, more interested in achieving insight, more concerned with schools and systems" than is American psychology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)Psychological Bulletin 11/1934; 31(10):755-776. · 15.58 Impact Factor
Article: The history of psychology in JapanJapanese Psychological Research 04/2005; 47(2):47 - 51. · 0.33 Impact Factor
Article: Cognition as intuitive statistics.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cognition as statistical inference—this is the topic of the present book. In the first chapter, we discuss the rise of the inference revolution, which institutionalized those statistical tools that later became theories of cognitive processes. In each of the following four chapters we treat one major topic of cognitive psychology and show to what degree statistical concepts transformed our understanding of those topics. The topics are (a) detection and discrimination, the classical psychophysical problems; (b) perception, in particular the problem of how properties of objects are judged and classified; (c) memory, the problems of recognition and recall; and (d) thinking, in particular the problems of inductive reasoning and rationality. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)