Beyond dichotomy--towards creative synthesis.
ABSTRACT There are two ways for overcoming limitations of methods used in psychology, as Toomela (Integr. Physiol. Behav. Sci. doi:10.1007/s12124-007-9004-0, 2007) points out. These are inventing new methods of research, and looking back into the history of methodological thought for new ideas. Though he limited the former as if it is a quantitative area and he declared to take the latter path, his paper actually advocates the need to create new methodology for understanding the human psyche through historical approach. We discuss problems of sampling and generalization in that context, and suggest a new way to creative synthesis through elaboration of qualitative methodologies. To us this direction constitutes an updated version of the German-Austrian methodology exactly as Toomela suggests.
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ABSTRACT: Since the new beginning in 2007 of Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science we have brought out to the open both the reasons why the ever-widening research enterprise in psychology has largely failed to produce general knowledge, and to point to promising new directions in the field. The post-modernist turn in psychology is now over, and it is an interesting task to return to creating a universal science of psychology that is context-sensitive, and culture-inclusive. The latter goal entails a renewed focus upon qualitative analyses of time-based processes, close attention to the phenomena under study, and systematic (single-system-based-usually labeled idiographic) focus in empirical investigations. Through these three pathways centrality of human experiencing of culturally constructed worlds is restored as the core of psychological science. Universal principles are evident in each and every single case. Transcending post-modernist deconstruction of science happens through active international participation and a renewed focus on creating general theories. Contemporary psychology is global in ways that no longer can any country's socio-political world view dominate the field. Such international equality of contributions grants innovation of the core of the discipline, and safeguards it against assuming any single cultural myth-story as the axiomatic basis for the discipline.Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 03/2009; 43(1):1-21. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Full text: http://ubuntuone.com/5zLmVEJJeEFNro6FooamPT Current mainstream psychology is characterized by mismatch between questions asked and methods used to answer the questions. There are several important and theoretically justified methodological principles that can be found in pre-WWII (mostly continental Europe) psychology, but disappeared from current mainstream psychology. Future psychology can be built with understanding that not everything that is new is better than the old and not everything that disappeared in the history of psychology disappeared for rational reasons. Methodological thinking of several pre-WWII psychologists may have been far ahead of current mainstream psychology.Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science 02/2007; 41(1):75-82. · 0.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The study of a life course cannot exist without the notion of time. But psychologists and sociologists don't take the notion of time seriously. One of the reasons why they tend to disregard time is that their desire is to seek a depiction that focuses on stability. Actually many of them might "find" the stable structure of personality and stable trail of life course as they construct it through data analyses that are blind to variability and dynamicity. Taking the equifinality principle into account is one of the breakthrough in describing the dynamics. The Trajectory Equifinality Model (TEM) which we describe in this chapter is a new methodological device for psychology. It is based on the systemic view and takes the notion of irreversible time seriously.07/2009: pages 217-240;