Use of a genetic cholera toxin B subunit/allergen fusion molecule as mucosal delivery system with immunosuppressive activity against Th2 immune responses.

Department of Pathophysiology, Center for Physiology, Pathophysiology & Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Vaccine (Impact Factor: 3.49). 01/2008; 25(50):8395-404. DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.10.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Induction of peripheral tolerance can be facilitated when the antigen is linked to the B subunit of cholera toxin (CTB), an efficient mucosal carrier. In the present study, a genetic fusion molecule of Bet v 1 and CTB was produced to test whether mucosal application of this construct would lead to suppression of Th2 responses. Intranasal pretreatment of BALB/c mice with rCTB-Bet v 1 prior to allergic sensitisation with the allergen significantly decreased IgE but markedly increased allergen-specific IgG2a levels in sera as well as IFN-gamma production of splenocytes. This Th1 shift was supported by an increased T-bet/GATA3 mRNA ratio. IL-5 production within the airways was suppressed after the pretreatment with rCTB-Bet v 1, while local allergen-specific IgA antibodies were markedly enhanced by pretreatment with the construct. Upregulation of Foxp3, IL-10 and TGF-beta mRNA expression was detected in splenocytes after pretreatment with unconjugated allergen but not with the fusion molecule, indicating that antigen conjugation to a mucosal carrier modifies the immunomodulating properties of an antigen/allergen.

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