Impact of surgeon-specific data reporting on surgical training.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK.
Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England (Impact Factor: 1.33). 11/2007; 89(8):796-8. DOI: 10.1308/003588407X232080
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Since April 2002, collection and publication of surgeon-specific data in adult cardiac surgery has become mandatory in the UK. It has been suggested that this may discourage consultants from allowing trainees to perform cases. The aim of this study was to attempt to analyse the effect of the introduction of surgeon-specific data (SSD) on surgical training in a large cardiac surgical centre.
A retrospective analysis was performed on 2111 consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery, aortic and mitral valve surgery at Southampton General Hospital between April 2000 and April 2004. Results were analysed and compared over a 2-year period prior to and a 2-year period following the introduction of SSD.
There were no changes in the overall mortality rate following the introduction of SSD. SSD was associated with a reduction in the overall proportion of cases performed by trainees (49% versus 42.8%; P = 0.004) and, in particular, a reduction in the proportion of aortic and mitral valve procedures performed by trainees. In addition, the proportion of cases performed by the trainees without consultant supervision declined significantly following SSD (18.7% versus 10.4%; P < 0.001).
Publication of surgeon-specific data has coincided with a decrease in both the proportion and variety of cases performed by trainees.

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    ABSTRACT: It is unclear whether novice trainees can be taught safely to perform adult cardiac surgery without any impact on early or late outcomes. All patients (n = 1305) data were obtained from an externally validated, mandatory institutional database (2003-2010). 'Novice' is defined as a trainee who required substantial assistance or supervision to perform part or whole of the specified procedure (Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme UK, Competency Level ≤2). Outcome measures were in-hospital mortality, composite score of in-hospital mortality-morbidities, mid-term survival and revascularisation rate after CABG. Follow-up up to 7 years (median 3.2 years) was determined. Some 39 % (n = 510) of the cases involved novice (28 %-part, 11 %-whole procedure), 12 % (n = 157) competent trainees and 49 % (n = 638) consultant. Median EuroSCORE was higher in consultant group (p < 0.001). Without risk adjustment, composite outcome score and mid-term mortality were higher in consultant group (p = 0.03). With adjustment using EuroSCORE and propensity scores, EuroSCORE was significantly predictive of in-hospital mortality [odd ratio (OR) 1.38, 95 %CI 1.20-1.57, p < 0.001], composite outcome (OR 1.26, 95 %CI 1.15-1.37, p < 0.001) and mid-term mortality (HR 1.24, 95 %CI 1.18-1.31, p < 0.001) but not the operator categories. Further analysis of subcohort undergoing first-time, isolated CABG (n = 1070) showed that EuroSCORE remained predictive of adjusted in-hospital mortality (OR 1.39, 95 %CI 1.13-1.71, p = 0.002), composite outcome (OR 1.33, 95 %CI 1.19-1.49, p < 0.001) and mid-term mortality (HR 1.22, 95 %CI 1.10-1.35, p < 0.001). The operator categories were not associated with adjusted outcome measures including revascularisation rate after CABG. Supervised training in adult cardiac surgery can be achieved safely at the early learning curve phase without compromising both early and mid-term clinical outcomes.
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