Assessment of ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony by short-axis MRI.

Eindhoven University of Technology, and Department of Radiology, Catharina Hospital, the Netherlands.
Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 02/2007; 2007:6012-5. DOI: 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4353718
Source: PubMed


Nowadays, patients with symptomatic heart failure and intraventricular conduction delay can be treated with a cardiac resynchronization therapy. Electrical dyssynchrony is typically adopted to represent myocardial dyssynchrony, to be compensated by cardiac resynchronization therapy. One third of the patients, however, does not respond to the therapy. Therefore, imaging modalities aimed at the mechanical dyssynchrony estimation have been recently proposed to improve patient selection criteria. This paper presents a novel fully-automated method for regional mechanical left-ventricular dyssynchrony quantification in short-axis magnetic resonance imaging. The endocardial movement is described by time-displacement curves with respect to an automatically-determined reference point. These curves are analyzed for the estimation of the regional contraction timings. Four methods are proposed and tested for the contraction timing estimation. They were evaluated in two groups of subjects with and without left bundle branch block. The standard deviation of the contraction timings showed a significant increase for left bundle branch block patients with all the methods. However, a novel method based on phase spectrum analysis shows a better specificity and sensitivity. This method may therefore provide a valuable prognostic indicator for heart failure patients with dyssynchronous ventricular contraction, adding new possibilities for regional timing analysis.

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