Baseline natriuretic peptide levels in relation to myocardial ischemia, troponin T release and heart rate variability in patients undergoing major vascular surgery.
ABSTRACT This study was conducted to determine the association between baseline N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and myocardial ischemia, troponin T release and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients undergoing major vascular surgery.
In a prospective study, 182 vascular surgery patients were evaluated by clinical risk factors, dobutamine stress echocardiography and baseline NT-proBNP levels. Myocardial ischemia was detected by continuous 12-lead electrocardiographic monitoring starting 1 day before to 2 days after surgery. Troponin T (>0.03 ng/ml) was measured on day 1, 3 and 7 postoperatively and before discharge. HRV was measured at the day prior to surgery.
The median NT-proBNP level was 184 ng/l (interquartile range: 79-483 ng/l). Myocardial ischemia was detected in 21% and troponin T release in 17% of patients. After adjustment for clinical risk factors and stress echocardiography results, higher NT-proBNP levels (per 1 ng/l increase in the natural logarithm of NT-proBNP) were associated with a higher incidence of myocardial ischemia (odds ratio: 1.59, 95% confidence interval: 1.21-2.08, P<0.001) and troponin T release (odds ratio: 1.76, 95% confidence interval: 1.33-2.34, P<0.001). The optimal cutoff value of NT-proBNP to predict ischemia and/or troponin T release was 270 ng/l (area under the curve: 0.70). Higher baseline NT-proBNP levels were also associated with a larger ischemic burden at electrocardiographic monitoring (r=0.22, P=0.03). No significant correlation, however, was found between NT-proBNP and preoperative HRV (r=-0.024, P=0.78).
Elevated baseline NT-proBNP levels are significantly associated with perioperative myocardial ischemia and troponin T release, but not with preoperative HRV in patients undergoing major vascular surgery.
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ABSTRACT: Implantation of an aortic-bifemoral prosthesis is characterised by a high (> 5%) rate of perioperative cardiovascular events. The main aim of the study is to demonstrate the usefulness of the determination of NT-proBNP concentration as a method of risk stratification of left ventricular dysfunction in patients subjected to surgery for aortic-bifemoral prosthesis implantation. Forty consecutive patients were examined and subjected to aortic-bifemoral prosthesis implantation. The examined patients were divided into two groups: 1) with normal left ventricular systolic function and EF ≥ 58% (group I), 2) with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and EF < 58% (group II). In group I the median EF before surgery was 69.5% and the concentration of NT-proBNP 141.5 pg/ml. On day 7 after surgery respective values were EF 65.5%, NT-proBNP 498.55 pg/ml. In group II the median EF before surgery was 54%, and NT-proBNP concentration 303.9 pg/ml. The concentration of plasma NT-proBNP before surgery well correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction. The values of NT-proBNP > 303.9 pg/ml strongly correlated with increased risk of left ventricular systolic dysfunction after surgery and they seem to have high prognostic value for the occurrence of cardiovascular events in this group of patients. The determination of NT-proBNP level on day 7 after surgery strongly correlated with the decrease of left ventricular ejection fraction in patients after the prosthesis implantation. It is a valuable diagnostic and prognostic factor of circulatory system efficiency before making a decision to discontinue hospitalization.08/2011; 7(4):642-7. DOI:10.5114/aoms.2011.24134
Article: Analytisch: Hematologie
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ABSTRACT: Worldwide, annually approximately 100 million people undergo some form of non-cardiac surgery. Cardiac events, such as myocardial infarction are a major cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality in these patients. Though the true incidence of perioperative cardiac complications is difficult to assess, it is estimated that approximately 2.0–3.5% of patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery experience a major adverse cardiac event. Furthermore an estimated 0.5–1.5% of patients die within 30 days after the surgical procedure due to a cardiovascular cause. The pathophysiology of perioperative cardiac events is complex. Similar to the non-operative setting it is thought that approximately half of all perioperative myocardial infarctions are attributable to a sustained coronary oxygen demand/supply mismatch. Coronary plaque rupture, leading to thrombus formation and subsequent vessel occlusion, is thought to be the other important cause of acute perioperative coronary syndromes.