Incidence and risk factors of nevirapine-associated skin rashes among HIV-infected patients with CD4 cell counts <250 cells/microL.
ABSTRACT The objective of the study was to determine cumulative incidence and risk factors of nevirapine (NVP)-associated rashes that lead to NVP discontinuation among HIV-infected patients with CD4 <250 cells/microL. A retrospective cohort study was conducted among antiretroviral-naïve HIV-infected patients who had baseline CD4 <250 cells/microL and were initiated NVP-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) between January 2003 and October 2005. There were 910 patients with a mean age of 35.4 years and 43% were women. Median CD4 cell count was 27 cells/microL and median HIV RNA was 5.5 log copies/mL. Cumulative incidences of rashes at 0.5, 1, 2, 3 and 6 months after ART were 3.7%, 6.2%, 8.1%, 8.5% and 8.5%, respectively. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, the higher baseline CD4 cell counts had a higher probability of NVP-associated rashes (log-rank test, P=0.041). By Cox regression analysis, higher baseline CD4 cell count was associated with a higher incidence of rashes (hazard ratio=1.244, 95% confidence interval=1.045-1.482, for every 50 cells/microL increment of baseline CD4 stratum). In conclusion, NVP-associated skin rashes that lead to NVP discontinuation are common among HIV-infected patients with baseline CD4 <250 cells/microL. Despite the low baseline in this population, the higher number of baseline CD4 cells is continuously associated with a higher risk for skin rashes.
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ABSTRACT: With the rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy, there is a dramatic decline in HIV related morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries. Several new safe antiretroviral, and newer class of drugs and monitoring assays are developed recently. As a result the treatment guideline for the management of HIV disease continue to change. This review focuses on evolving science on Indian policy--antiretroviral therapy initiation, which drugs to start with, when to change the initial regimen and what to change.The Indian Journal of Medical Research 12/2011; 134(6):787-800. · 2.06 Impact Factor
- AIDS (London, England) 03/2010; 24(5):783-5. · 4.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Generic fixed-dose combination (FDC) antiretroviral therapy (ART) has been widely used in resource-limited settings. Treatment based on these combinations provide low pill burden and are less expensive. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the long-term effectiveness and metabolic complications of a generic FDC of stavudine (d4T)/lamivudine (3TC)/ nevirapine (NVP), among ART-naive HIV-infected patients. Methods: A prospective study was conducted among patients who were initiated on d4T/3TC/NVP between November 2004 and March 2005. Plasma HIV-1 RNA, CD4 and alanine transaminase were assessed every 12 weeks. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and lipid profile were determined at 96 weeks. Adverse events and genotypic drug resistance were recorded. The primary outcome of interest was the proportion of patients who achieved plasma HIV-1 RNA 160 mg/dL, 6 (6.9%) had tri- glycerides >400 mg/dL, and 2 (2.3%) had FPG >126 mg/dL. Eleven patients (12.6%) had a lactic acid level >2.5 mmol/L. Eight patients (9.2%) needed to take antihypertensiveCurrent Therapeutic Research 01/2008; 69(1). · 0.45 Impact Factor