Work-Based Resources as Moderators of the Relationship Between Work Hours and Satisfaction With Work-Family Balance

Department of Organization Studies, Carroll School of Management, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA.
Journal of Applied Psychology (Impact Factor: 4.31). 12/2007; 92(6):1512-23. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.92.6.1512
Source: PubMed


This study reports an investigation of the relationships of work hours, job complexity, and control over work time to satisfaction with work-family balance. Based on data from a sample of 570 telephone call center representatives, a moderated hierarchical regression analysis revealed that work hours were negatively related to satisfaction with work-family balance, consistent with the resource drain perspective. Job complexity and control over work time were positively associated with satisfaction with work-family balance. Control over work time moderated the relationship such that as work hours rose, workers with low control experienced a decline in work-family balance satisfaction, while workers with high control did not. Results encourage greater research attention to work characteristics, such as job complexity and control over work time, and skills that represent resources useful to the successful integration of work and family demands.

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Available from: Monique Valcour, Feb 12, 2014
    • "g . , Abendroth & Den Dulk , 2011 ) , thus reducing satisfaction with the work - life balance ( Valcour , 2007 ) . Normative demands such as when employees are regarded as being less committed to their work if family - friendly arrangements are used can also make employees ' integration of work and personal life more difficult ( Lewis , 1997 ; Sheridan , 2004 ; Hobson & Fahlén , 2009 ) . "

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    • "Certain tasks might be flexible for one employee whereas complicated to another employee. 'Task complexity refers to the level of stimulating and challenging demands associated with a particular task' (Valcour, 2007). Task complexity is a psychological experience of arousal, challenge and enrichment factors. "
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    • "Unlike work-family conflict and work-family enrichment, which are linking mechanisms between work and family roles (Edwards & Rothbard, 2000) that explain how experiences in one role negatively (conflict) or positively (enrichment) affect experiences and outcomes in the other role, balance refers to an individual's overall appraisal of his or her functioning in multiple life roles (Valcour, 2007). After reviewing a variety of perspectives on balance reflected in the literature, Greenhaus and Allen (2011) concluded that balance is an employee's overall or holistic feeling that results from being effective and satisfied in highly valued roles, a definition As noted above, feelings of balance are derived from a sense of effectiveness and satisfaction in multiple life roles (Greenhaus & Allen, 2011). "
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