Crystal Structures and Mutational Analysis of the Arginine-, Lysine-, Histidine-binding Protein ArtJ from Geobacillus stearothermophilus. Implications for Interactions of ArtJ with its Cognate ATP-binding Cassette Transporter, Art(MP)2
ABSTRACT ArtJ is the substrate-binding component (receptor) of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport system ArtJ-(MP)(2) from the thermophilic bacterium Geobacillus stearothermophilus that is specific for arginine, lysine, and histidine. The highest affinity is found for arginine (K(d)=0.039(+/-0.014) microM), while the affinities for lysine and histidine are about tenfold lower. We have determined the X-ray structures of ArtJ liganded with each of these substrates at resolutions of 1.79 A (arginine), 1.79 A (lysine), and 2.35 A (histidine), respectively. As found for other solute receptors, the polypeptide chain is folded into two distinct domains (lobes) connected by a hinge. The interface between the lobes forms the substrate-binding pocket whose geometry is well preserved in all three ArtJ/amino acid complexes. Structure-derived mutational analyses indicated the crucial role of a region in the carboxy-terminal lobe of ArtJ in contacting the transport pore Art(MP)(2) and revealed the functional importance of Gln132 and Trp68. While variant Gln132Leu exhibited lower binding affinity for arginine but no binding of lysine and histidine, the variant Trp68Leu had lost binding activity for all three substrates. The results are discussed in comparison with known structures of homologous proteins from mesophilic bacteria.
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ABSTRACT: The thermostable arginine ABC transporter of Geobacillus stearothermophilus consists of a solute binding protein, ArtJ; a transmembrane subunit, ArtM; and a nucleotide-binding subunit, ArtP. An ArtM/His(6)-ArtP complex was functionally assembled from separately purified subunits as demonstrated by assaying stimulation of its ATPase activity by arginine-loaded ArtJ in proteoliposomes. Studying in vitro assembly with variants carrying mutations in the conserved Q loop and/or the EAA loop of ArtP and ArtM, respectively, confirmed the predicted roles of both motifs in intersubunit signaling and physical interaction, respectively. In vitro assembly is considered a useful tool for investigating assembly defects of ABC transporters caused by mutations.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 03/2010; 1798(6):1250-3. DOI:10.1016/j.bbamem.2010.03.001 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper identifies the first arginine/ornithine antiporter ArcD from the domain of archea. The functional role of ArcD is demonstrated by transport assays with radioactive labelled arginine, by its necessity to enable arginine fermentation under anaerobic growth conditions and by the consumption of arginine from the medium during growth. All three experimentally observables are severely disturbed when the deletion strain DeltaArcD is used. The isolated protein is verified by mass spectrometry and reconstituted in vesicles. The proteoliposomes are attached to a membrane and capacitive currents are recorded which appear upon initiation of the transport process by change from arginine-free to arginine-containing buffer. This clearly demonstrates that the purified 34kD protein is the functional unit.FEBS Letters 11/2008; 582(27):3771-5. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2008.10.004 · 3.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have used a fluorescence-based thermal shift (FTS) assay to identify amino acids that bind to solute-binding proteins in the bacterial ABC transporter family. The assay was validated with a set of six proteins with known binding specificity and was consistently able to map proteins with their known binding ligands. The assay also identified additional candidate binding ligands for several of the amino acid-binding proteins in the validation set. We extended this approach to additional targets and demonstrated the ability of the FTS assay to unambiguously identify preferential binding for several homologues of amino acid-binding proteins with known specificity and to functionally annotate proteins of unknown binding specificity. The assay is implemented in a microwell plate format and provides a rapid approach to validate an anticipated function or to screen proteins of unknown function. The ABC-type transporter family is ubiquitous and transports a variety of biological compounds, but the current annotation of the ligand-binding proteins is limited to mostly generic descriptions of function. The results illustrate the feasibility of the FTS assay to improve the functional annotation of binding proteins associated with ABC-type transporters and suggest this approach that can also be extended to other protein families.Biochemistry 01/2009; 47(52):13974-84. DOI:10.1021/bi801648r · 3.19 Impact Factor