Sedentary Behavior in Dutch Workers. Differences Between Occupations and Business Sectors

TNO Quality of Life, Leiden, The Netherlands.
American Journal of Preventive Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.28). 01/2008; 33(6):450-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.033
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Sedentary behavior is an independent risk factor for excess body weight and other health problems. There are no published data on sitting time at work, or how this is related to occupation and sector (branch of business). No published study has shown whether extended sitting at work is compensated for by sitting less during leisure time.
This study used data from a continuous cross-sectional survey, from 2000 to 2005 (N=7720). Workers were asked how many minutes they spent sitting during the preceding day, both at work and in their leisure time. To test differences in sitting times among occupational groups and sectors, descriptive analyses and analyses of variance were carried out in 2006.
On average, the Dutch working population reported sitting for 7 hours each day, one third of which was at work. Occupational groups and sectors differed significantly in sedentary behavior, mainly involving sitting periods at work. Workers spending long periods sitting at work did not compensate by sitting less during their leisure time.
Workers spend a substantial part of their waking and working time seated. Those who sat for long periods at work did not compensate for this lack of activity by adopting less-sedentary behaviors during leisure time. To prevent health problems, the best approach may be to reduce sedentary behavior at work, when traveling to and from work, and during leisure time.

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Available from: Karin Proper, Mar 11, 2015
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    • "In addition, recent evidence suggests that higher amounts of sitting time are associated with increased risk of having the metabolic syndrome (Edwardson et al., 2012) independently of physical activity (Bankoski et al., 2011). Many adults spend much of their working hours sitting in addition to sitting in leisure-time and during transportation (Aadahl et al., 2013; Jans et al., 2007). Thus, prolonged sitting time may constitute a public health concern. "
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies suggest that physical inactivity as well as sitting time are associated with metabolic syndrome. Our aim was to examine joint associations of leisure time physical activity and total daily sitting time with metabolic syndrome.
    Preventive Medicine 08/2014; 69. DOI:10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.08.022 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    • "In particular, office-based workers are one of the largest occupational groups [66] [67] and also highly sedentary [68], making them a key target group for intervention. For many office workers, the bulk of their daily sitting time occurs at work [69] [70]. The office is thus a key setting to reduce prolonged sitting time [62] [71] [72]. "
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    ABSTRACT: In contemporary society, prolonged sitting has been engineered into our lives across many settings, including transportation, the workplace, and the home. There is new evidence that too much sitting (also known as sedentary behavior - which involves very low energy expenditure, such as television viewing and desk-bound work) is adversely associated with health outcomes, including cardio-metabolic risk biomarkers, type 2 diabetes and premature mortality. Importantly, these detrimental associations remain even after accounting for time spent in leisure time physical activity. We describe recent evidence from epidemiological and experimental studies that makes a persuasive case that too much sitting should now be considered an important stand-alone component of the physical activity and health equation, particularly in relation to diabetes and cardiovascular risk. We highlight directions for further research and consider some of the practical implications of focusing on too much sitting as a modifiable health risk.
    Diabetes research and clinical practice 06/2012; 97(3):368-76. DOI:10.1016/j.diabres.2012.05.020 · 2.54 Impact Factor
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    • "However, sedentary behaviors involve domains other than sitting during leisure, such as sitting at work or sitting during transport. Among working adults, who represent a major part of the adult population, a significant amount of time is spent at work, and the majority of their total sitting time each day is likely to be at work due to the organization of the work [2] [3]. With respect to the observed associations between TV viewing and mental health, several explanations can be proposed. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. To explore the associations between sitting time in various domains and mental health for workers and nonworkers and the role of weight status. Design. Cross-sectional analyses were performed for 1064 respondents (47% men, mean age 59 years) from the Doetinchem Cohort Study 2008-2009. Sedentary behavior was measured by self-reported time spent sitting during transport, leisure time, and at work. Mental health was assessed by the Mental Health Inventory (MHI-5). BMI was calculated based on measured body height and weight. Results. Neither sitting time during transport nor at work was associated with mental health. In the working population, sitting during leisure time, and particularly TV viewing, was associated with poorer mental health. BMI was an effect modifier in this association with significant positive associations for healthy-weight non-workers and obese workers. Conclusion. Both BMI and working status were effect modifiers in the relation between TV viewing and mental health. More longitudinal research is needed to confirm the results and to gain insight into the causality and the underlying mechanisms for the complex relationships among sedentary behaviors, BMI, working status, and mental health.
    Journal of obesity 01/2012; 2012:607908. DOI:10.1155/2012/607908
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