The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in improving the staging and changing the management of aggressive lymphoma patients in comparison with the conventional imaging modalities (CT, and 67Ga scintigraphy).
Forty consecutive patients with diffuse large B-cell non Hodgkin lymphoma, were prospectively evaluated. All 40 patients underwent a whole body FDG PET/CT and conventional staging techniques (chest and abdomen CT, 67Ga scintigraphy) were studied before therapy. Sixty minutes after the intravenous administration of 370 MBq FDG, a whole body PET/CT was acquired. We hypothesize that PET/CT improves the diagnostic staging of lymphoma and changes the clinical management of patients.
PET/CT and CT were concordant in 28 patients (65%). However, PET/CT detected more lesions than CT in 11 patients (27.5%). Only in one patient, CT revealed more extensive disease than PET/CT. Additional information of PET/CT had lead to a change in staging (upstaging) in 6 patients (15%), in turn leading to a change in treatment strategy in 1 patient. PET/CT and 67Ga scintigraphy were concordant in 23 patients (60.5%). PET/CT detected more lesions than 67Ga scintigraphy in 14 patients (42%). PET/CT results changed staging (upstaging) in 4 patients (15%), leading to a change of treatment strategy in one patient.
The impression is that PET/CT detected more lesions than conventional examination, but this rarely translates into changes of staging and treatment strategy in aggressive lymphoma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Positron emission tomography (PET)/computerised tomography (CT) has proved useful in a number of haematological malignancies, particularly in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). It is recommended in the staging of HL and aggressive NHL, it has been shown to be prognostically important early during treatment, and it has been incorporated in the response criteria. However, treatment modification based on early scans is still experimental, and routine use in follow up cannot be recommended. The use of PET/CT in other lymphoma types and other haematological malignancies is still under evaluation.
European Journal Of Haematology 06/2008; 80(5):369-80. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0609.2008.01051.x · 2.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PET has become a cornerstone procedure in modern lymphoma management. This paper reviews, from a clinical point of view, the evidence for using PET in the different subtypes of lymphoma and the different steps of their management. The reader is given an overview of the current PET-based interventional lymphoma trials and an insight into possible future developments in the field, including new PET tracers.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Histological subtypes of lymphomas are important because FDG uptake is much greater in aggressive than in indolent lymphomas and this, results in lower sensitivity of PET for the staging of indolent lymphomas. Staging is especially useful when treatment is changed according to staging. Staging with imaging methods has traditionally been performed using a CT scanner and has been based on the detection of nodal enlargement, an increased number of small nodes and in the presence of extranodal masses. However, CT is limited by its poor sensitivity in the detection of extranodal sites of involvement, in the identification of tumour involvement of normal size lymph nodes and in the differentiation between malignant and inflammatory enlarged lymph nodes. The uptake of FDG detected with PET images reflects metabolic activity rather than the size of the tissue masses, localizing tumoral activity in enlarged and in normal size lymph nodes. In the literature review that compares PET with CT, PET usually indicates more lesions than CT would and PET improves sensitivity without losing specificity. However, the majority of studies report that PET, improves the staging in a relatively limited number of patients (10–20%) and may change treatment in less than 10% of patients. Diagnostic accuracy of PET may improve with the use of hybrid PET/CT systems that combine metabolic and morphological imaging, in the same scanner and without moving the patient. This is a promising technique that will overcome the limitations of both modalities and may enhance diagnostic accuracy in lymphoma patients. This hybrid equipment allows the use of PET/CT with contrast-enhanced full dose CT (a diagnostic CT) instead of carrying out PET and CT on different days.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.