Pattern of beverage consumption and long-term association with body-weight status in German adolescents - Results from the DONALD study

Research Institute of Child Nutrition (FKE), Heinstueck 11, D-44225 Dortmund, Germany.
The British journal of nutrition (Impact Factor: 3.45). 07/2008; 99(6):1370-9. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114507862362
Source: PubMed


In the present study the relationship between the consumption of different beverage groups and body-weight status in 5 years of study participation in German adolescents was investigated. We used anthropometric and dietary data from 3 d weighed records of 244 subjects between 9 and 18 years of age participating in the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) study. Only subjects with at least four out of six possible weighed dietary records were considered. A repeated-measures regression model (PROC MIXED) was used to analyse the effect of beverage consumption on body-weight status. BMI standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS) and body fat percentage (%BF) were chosen as the dependent variables. In boys, energetic beverage consumption was not associated with BMI-SDS or %BF, neither cross-sectionally nor prospectively. In girls, baseline consumption of energetic beverages did not predict baseline BMI-SDS, baseline %BF, or change in either variable over the study period. However, an increase in energetic beverage consumption over the study period was associated with an increase in BMI-SDS (+0.070 SDS/MJ increase in energetic beverage consumption; P = 0.01). Separate consideration of regular soft drinks and fruit juices revealed that, in girls, BMI-SDS increased with increased fruit juice consumption (+0.096 SDS/MJ increase in fruit juice consumption; P = 0.01), and to a lesser extent with regular soft drink consumption (+0.055 SDS/MJ increase in regular soft drink consumption; P = 0.08). In conclusion, these results suggest that an increase in energetic beverage consumption may result in weight gain, at least in adolescent girls.

Download full-text


Available from: Anette E Buyken, Feb 05, 2014
  • Source
    • "This mechanism has been proposed as an explanation for the sensation of fullness and increase in satiety after viscous fiber intake [21]. In turn, soluble fiber decreases the postprandial secretion of insulin [22], which may contribute to satiety. Soluble fiber can also delay or reduce the intestinal digestion and absorption of macronutrients, thus increasing feacal energy losses. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, we evaluated the effect of Apple-lite for 4 weeks on body weight, lipid profiles, kidney functions and histological structure of kidney in male rats. Twenty adult male albino rats (240 -250 gm) were divided into 2 groups: The first group was considered as control group. The second group was treated orally with Apple-lite (55 mg/kg b.w) by use of intragastric tube. Different physiological parameters were performed including recording of the body weight and measuring lipid profiles, creatinine and urea levels. Body weight gain, total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL cholesterol, and VLDL cholesterol levels were significantly (p< 0.05) reduced in Apple-lite treated rats when compared with the control rats. Urea level was significantly (p< 0.05) increased in Apple-lite treated rats, but HDL cholesterol and creatinine levels were none significantly (P >0.05) increased when compared with the control rats. Histological examination of Apple-lite treated rat's kidney showed aggregation of inflammatory cells (monocytes) around glomerulus, fibrosis around Bowman's capsule, and congestion of blood vessels. From these results it can be conclude that the treatment with Apple-lite produced a significant reduction in body weight and lipid profiles, but it is incapable of improving the kidney functions. Also there are histopathological effects on kidney tissue in treated rats.
    • "On average, the reported energy intake from CF was only 6% of the total energy intake, whereas, for example, the contribution of energetic beverages (soft drinks and fruit juices) to total energy intake was 9–10% (Libuda et al., 2009). For these beverages, a positive association with body weight status (Malik et al., 2006; Libuda et al., 2008) and dietary quality (Rodriguez-Artalejo et al., 2003; Libuda et al., 2009) has been reported. Some limitations, and also some strengths, of the present study warrant mentioning. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pre-prepared commercial foods (convenience foods, CFs) are one aspect of modern dietary habits. The present paper examines the association between CF consumption and dietary quality or body weight status in a sample of German children and adolescents. Linear mixed-effect regression analyses using data from 586 participants (296 boys, 3-18 years) in the Dortmund Nutritional Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed Study, who yearly completed 1890 3-day dietary records and anthropometric measurements in 2004-2008, was used. CF intake (percent total food intake) showed no significant association with macronutrient intakes (%E), with exception of a significant positive association with polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake (P<0.0001). Considering only high-energy-dense (ED)-CF (40% of the CF intake), there was a significant negative association with total protein, carbohydrate and saturated fatty acid intake (%E) (P<0.05), and a positive with total fat and PUFA (P<0.01). The nutrient quality index (harmonic mean of 10 vitamins and minerals as the percentage of the reference intakes) showed a significant negative trend with increased consumption of CF (P=0.0013). No significant association between baseline or change in consumption of CF and baseline or change in parameters of body weight (standard deviation score of body mass index (weight/height(2)) or percentage body fat (%BF) estimated from skinfolds) was found. Among boys, baseline consumption of high-ED-CF significantly predicted change in %BF during the study period (β 0.104, P=0.0098). Our results point to an impairment of dietary quality with high consumption of CF and to a small but positive association between consumption of high-ED-CF in boys and weight.
    European journal of clinical nutrition 02/2011; 65(2):160-6. DOI:10.1038/ejcn.2010.254 · 2.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Two unpublished or incompletely published cohort studies (see Dubois et al., 2007; O'Connor et al., 2006) are said to demonstrate no link between overweight and SSD intake—because these studies provide insufficient data to enter into meta-analyses, they contribute further to the publication bias found by Forshee et al. (2008). Three reported cohort studies (Blum et al., 2005; Libuda et al., 2008; Tam et al., 2006) were analyzed inversely, that is, they linked SSD intake to body weight as a determinant. These studies showed obese persons to consume more SSDs than average (not SSDs causing obesity). "

    Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 11/2010; 50(s1). DOI:10.1080/10408398.2010.526870 · 5.18 Impact Factor
Show more