Effect of platelet-rich plasma on the healing of intrabony defects treated with an enamel matrix protein derivative and a natural bone mineral.
ABSTRACT Regenerative periodontal surgery utilizing a combination of an enamel matrix protein derivative (EMD) and a natural bone mineral (NBM) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been shown to enhance the outcomes of regenerative surgery significantly. At present, it is unknown whether root conditioning with EMD, followed by defect fill with a combination of NBM+PRP may additionally enhance the clinical results obtained with EMD+NBM.
To compare clinically the treatment of deep intrabony defects with either EMD+NBM+PRP or EMD+NBM.
Twenty-six patients suffering from advanced chronic periodontitis, and each of whom displayed one advanced intrabony defect were randomly treated with either EMD+NBM+PRP (test) or EMD+NBM (control). The following clinical parameters were evaluated at baseline and at 1 year after treatment: plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), gingival recession (GR) and clinical attachment level (CAL). The primary outcome variable was CAL.
Healing was uneventful in all patients. At 1 year after therapy, the test sites showed a reduction in mean PD from 8.8+/-1.9 mm to 3.1+/-0.9 mm ( p<0.001) and a change in mean CAL from 10.8+/-2.0 mm to 6.0+/-1.5 mm ( p<0.001). In the control group the mean PD was reduced from 8.8+/-2.0 mm to 2.8+/-1.6 mm ( p<0.001) and the mean CAL changed from 10.5+/-1.6 mm to 5.5+/-1.4 mm ( p<0.001). CAL gains of > or =4 mm were measured in 77% (i.e. in 10 out of 13 defects) of the cases treated with EMD+NBM+PRP and in 100% (i.e. in all 13 defects) treated with EMD+NBM. No statistically significant differences in any of the investigated parameters were observed between the two groups.
Within its limits, the present study has shown that (i) 1 year after regenerative surgery, both treatments resulted in statistically significant PD reductions and CAL gains and (ii) the use of PRP failed to enhance the results obtained with EMD+NBM.
Article: Localized delivery of growth factors for periodontal tissue regeneration: role, strategies, and perspectives.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Difficulties associated with achieving predictable periodontal regeneration, means that novel techniques need to be developed in order to regenerate the extensive soft and hard tissue destruction that results from periodontitis. Localized delivery of growth factors to the periodontium is an emerging and versatile therapeutic approach, with the potential to become a powerful tool in future regenerative periodontal therapy. Optimized delivery regimes and well-defined release kinetics appear to be logical prerequisites for safe and efficacious clinical application of growth factors and to avoid unwanted side effects and toxicity. While adequate concentrations of growth factor(s) need to be appropriately localized, delivery vehicles are also expected to possess properties such as protein protection, precision in controlled release, biocompatibility and biodegradability, self-regulated therapeutic activity, potential for multiple delivery, and good cell/tissue penetration. Here, current knowledge, recent advances, and future possibilities of growth factor delivery strategies are outlined for periodontal regeneration. First, the role of those growth factors that have been implicated in the periodontal healing/regeneration process, general requirements for their delivery, and the different material types available are described. A detailed discussion follows of current strategies for the selection of devices for localized growth factor delivery, with particular emphasis placed upon their advantages and disadvantages and future prospects for ongoing studies in reconstructing the tooth supporting apparatus.Medicinal Research Reviews 06/2009; 29(3):472-513. · 10.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The results of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in spinal fusion applications are limited and controversial. Both beneficial and inhibitory effects have been shown. In this prospective randomised controlled trial, our objective was to assess both the clinical and radiological effect of PRP when added to autograft iliac crest bone in posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Forty patients were recruited for the study fulfilling strict entry requirements and were randomised with a 1:1 ratio. In each group, one patient was lost to follow-up. Thirtyeight patients completed the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) preoperatively and postoperatively at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. CT-scans of the lumbar spine were taken at 3, 6, and 12 months. Posterior stabilisation was achieved with pedicle screws and interbody fusion was aimed at with carbon cages filled with autologous bone. Baseline demographic data (age, sex, smoking history, preoperative outcome measures) showed no relevant difference between groups. For patients who received autograft only, the mean VAS improved by 4.0 points (p < 0.01), mean ODI improved by 32.1 points (p < 0.001), and mean SF-36 showed statistically significant improvement in each of the eight domains and in the physical (p < 0.001) and mental (p < 0.001) component summary measures. For patients who received autograft with PRP, the mean VAS improved by 4.92 points (p < 0.01), mean ODI improved by 30 points (p < 0.001), and mean SF-36 showed statistically significant improvement in six of the eight domains (p < 0.02) and in the physical (p = 0.016) and mental (p < 0.001) component summary measures. The improvement of the VAS score and the physical component summary score was more pronounced in patients who received autograft with PRP. These differences were, however, not statistically significant. CT-scans showed uneventful osseous healing in all but one patient with no difference between groups. In this prospective randomised controlled clinical and radiological trial, adding PRP in posterior lumbar interbody fusion did not lead to a substantial improvement or deterioration when compared with autologous bone only. No inhibitory effect of PRP was observed on CT-scans. From a clinical and radiological point of view, the use of PRP seems to be justified in posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery. From an economical point of view, the expense of using PRP cannot be justified until statistical significance can be reached in a larger study.European Spine Journal 07/2011; 20(10):1650-7. · 1.97 Impact Factor
08/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-268-5