Microbial metabolism of reduced phosphorus compounds.

Department of Biological Sciences, California State University, Chico, California 95928-0515, USA.
Annual Review of Microbiology (Impact Factor: 12.9). 02/2007; 61:379-400. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.micro.61.080706.093357
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The field of bacterial phosphorus (P) metabolism has undergone a significant transformation in the past decade owing to the elucidation of widespread and diverse pathways for the metabolism of reduced P compounds. The characterization of these pathways dramatically changes the current and narrow view of P metabolism and our understanding of the forms in which P is produced and available in the environment. In this review, recent investigations into the biochemical pathways and molecular genetics of reduced P metabolism in bacteria are discussed. Particular attention is paid to recently elucidated metabolic reactions and the genetic characterization of biosynthesis of organic reduced P compounds and to the pathways for oxidation of the inorganic reduced P compounds hypophosphite and phosphite.

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