Accuracy and precision in the detection of articular cartilage lesions using magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5 Tesla in an in vitro study with orthopedic and histopathologic correlation.
ABSTRACT Magnetic resonance (MR) sequences for cartilage visualization have been the target of numerous studies, and the optimal sequence for cartilage imaging remains a matter of debate in the literature.
To compare MR findings with different MR sequences for the detection of cartilage lesions in fresh deep-frozen human cadaveric patellae in an in vitro setting.
Ten cadaveric patellae were imaged on a 1.5T MR scanner with a 2x2 channel carotid sandwich coil and a conventional knee coil, and compared with orthopedic findings and gold-standard histopathology. MR sequences were: a) fat-saturated (FS) proton density-weighted (PDw) turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequence (TR/TE 4000/39 ms); b) T2-weighted (T2w) double-echo steady-state (DESS) 3D water-excitation (we) sequence (TR/TE 17/4.7 ms); c) 3D-PDw-SPACE (sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions)-we sequence (TR/TE 1800/19 ms). Accuracy, Kendall's tau-b correlation, and weighted kappa coefficients were calculated.
Accuracy for cartilage lesion detection with the FS PDw-TSE sequence and the carotid coil was 78.3%, and with the knee coil 73.9%. For the T2wDESS-3D-we sequence, the corresponding values were 69.5% and 65.2%, and for the 3D-PDw-SPACE-we sequence 65.2% and 60.8%, respectively. Kendall's tau-b correlation ranged between 0.508 for the 3D-PDw-SPACE-we sequence (knee coil) and 0.720 for the FS PDw-TSE sequence (carotid and knee coil). Weighted kappa coefficient was lowest for the 3D-PDw-SPACE-we sequence (knee coil) at 0.607, and highest for the carotid coil and FS PDw-TSE sequence at 0.779.
The evaluated FS PDw-TSE sequences are superior in comparison to the T2wDESS-3D-we and 3D-PDw-SPACE-we sequences in the in vitro setting for the detection of cartilage lesions, and are comparable to results reported in the literature.
Article: How reliable is MRI in diagnosing cartilaginous lesions in patients with first and recurrent lateral patellar dislocations?[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Lateral dislocation of the patella (LPD) leads to cartilaginous injuries, which have been reported to be associated with retropatellar complaints and the development of patellofemoral osteoarthritis. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of MRI for cartilage diagnostics after a first and recurrent LPD. After an average of 4.7 days following an acute LPD, 40 patients (21 with first LPDs and 19 with recurrent LPDs) underwent standardized 1.5 Tesla MRI (sagittal T1-TSE, coronal STIR-TSE, transversal fat-suppressed PD-TSE, sagittal fat-suppressed PD-TSE). MRI grading was compared to arthroscopic assessment of the cartilage. Sensitivities and positive predictive values for grade 3 and 4 lesions were markedly higher in the patient group with first LPDs compared to the group with recurrent LPDs. Similarly, intra- and inter-observer agreement yielded higher kappa values in patients with first LPDs compared to those with recurrent LPDs. All grade 4 lesions affecting the subchondral bone (osteochondral defects), such as a fissuring or erosion, were correctly assessed on MRI. This study demonstrated a comparatively good diagnostic performance for MRI in the evaluation of first and recurrent LPDs, and we therefore recommend MRI for the cartilage assessment after a LPD.BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 01/2010; 11:149. · 1.58 Impact Factor
Article: Evaluation of the chondromalacia patella using a microscopy coil: comparison of the two-dimensional fast spin echo techniques and the three-dimensional fast field echo techniques.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We wanted to compare the two-dimensional (2D) fast spin echo (FSE) techniques and the three-dimensional (3D) fast field echo techniques for the evaluation of the chondromalacia patella using a microscopy coil. Twenty five patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty were included in this study. Preoperative MRI evaluation of the patella was performed using a microscopy coil (47 mm). The proton density-weighted fast spin echo images (PD), the fat-suppressed PD images (FS-PD), the intermediate weighted-fat suppressed fast spin echo images (iw-FS-FSE), the 3D balanced-fast field echo images (B-FFE), the 3D water selective cartilage scan (WATS-c) and the 3D water selective fluid scan (WATS-f) were obtained on a 1.5T MRI scanner. The patellar cartilage was evaluated in nine areas: the superior, middle and the inferior portions that were subdivided into the medial, central and lateral facets in a total of 215 areas. Employing the Noyes grading system, the MRI grade 0-I, II and III lesions were compared using the gross and microscopic findings. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were evaluated for each sequence. The significance of the differences for the individual sequences was calculated using the McNemar test. The gross and microscopic findings demonstrated 167 grade 0-I lesions, 40 grade II lesions and eight grade III lesions. Iw-FS-FSE had the highest accuracy (sensitivity/specificity/accuracy = 88%/98%/96%), followed by FS-PD (78%/98%/93%, respectively), PD (76%/98%/93%, respectively), B-FFE (71%/100%/93%, respectively), WATS-c (67%/100%/92%, respectively) and WATS-f (58%/99%/89%, respectively). There were statistically significant differences for the iw-FS-FSE and WATS-f and for the PD-FS and WATS-f (p < 0.01). The iw-FS-FSE images obtained with a microscopy coil show best diagnostic performance among the 2D and 3D GRE images for evaluating the chondromalacia patella.Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 01/2011; 12(1):78-88. · 1.32 Impact Factor
Article: Advanced MRI of articular cartilage.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Musculoskeletal MRI is advancing rapidly, with innovative technology and significant potential for immediate clinical impact. In particular, cartilage imaging has become a topic of increasing interest as our aging population develops diseases such as osteoarthritis. Advances in MRI hardware and software have led to increased image quality and tissue contrast. Additional developments have allowed the assessment of cartilage macromolecular content, which may be crucial to the early detection of musculoskeletal diseases. This comprehensive article considers current morphological and physiological cartilage imaging techniques, their clinical applications, and their potential to contribute to future improvements in the imaging of cartilage.Imaging in medicine 10/2011; 3(5):541-555.