Accuracy and precision in the detection of articular cartilage lesions using magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5 Tesla in an in vitro study with orthopedic and histopathologic correlation.
ABSTRACT Magnetic resonance (MR) sequences for cartilage visualization have been the target of numerous studies, and the optimal sequence for cartilage imaging remains a matter of debate in the literature.
To compare MR findings with different MR sequences for the detection of cartilage lesions in fresh deep-frozen human cadaveric patellae in an in vitro setting.
Ten cadaveric patellae were imaged on a 1.5T MR scanner with a 2x2 channel carotid sandwich coil and a conventional knee coil, and compared with orthopedic findings and gold-standard histopathology. MR sequences were: a) fat-saturated (FS) proton density-weighted (PDw) turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequence (TR/TE 4000/39 ms); b) T2-weighted (T2w) double-echo steady-state (DESS) 3D water-excitation (we) sequence (TR/TE 17/4.7 ms); c) 3D-PDw-SPACE (sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions)-we sequence (TR/TE 1800/19 ms). Accuracy, Kendall's tau-b correlation, and weighted kappa coefficients were calculated.
Accuracy for cartilage lesion detection with the FS PDw-TSE sequence and the carotid coil was 78.3%, and with the knee coil 73.9%. For the T2wDESS-3D-we sequence, the corresponding values were 69.5% and 65.2%, and for the 3D-PDw-SPACE-we sequence 65.2% and 60.8%, respectively. Kendall's tau-b correlation ranged between 0.508 for the 3D-PDw-SPACE-we sequence (knee coil) and 0.720 for the FS PDw-TSE sequence (carotid and knee coil). Weighted kappa coefficient was lowest for the 3D-PDw-SPACE-we sequence (knee coil) at 0.607, and highest for the carotid coil and FS PDw-TSE sequence at 0.779.
The evaluated FS PDw-TSE sequences are superior in comparison to the T2wDESS-3D-we and 3D-PDw-SPACE-we sequences in the in vitro setting for the detection of cartilage lesions, and are comparable to results reported in the literature.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate qualitative and quantitative image quality parameters of isotropic three-dimensional (3D) cartilage-imaging magnetic resonance (MR)-sequences at 3T. The knees of 10 healthy volunteers (mean age, 24.4±5.6 years) were scanned at a 3T MR scanner with water-excited 3D Fast-Low Angle Shot (FLASH), True Fast Imaging with Steady-state Precession (TrueFISP), Sampling Perfection with Application-optimized Contrast using different flip-angle Evolutions (SPACE) as well as conventional and two individually weighted Double-Echo Steady-State (DESS) sequences. The MR images were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively (signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), SNR efficiency, CNR efficiency). Quantitative parameters were compared by means of a Tukey-test and sequences were ranked according to SNR/CNR, SNR/CNR efficiency and qualitative image grading. The highest SNR was measured for SPACE (34.0±5.6), the highest CNR/CNR efficiency (cartilage/fluid) for the individually weighted DESS (46.9±18.0/2.18±0.84). SPACE, individually weighted and conventional DESS were ranked best with respect to SNR/CNR and SNR/CNR efficiency. The DESS sequences also performed best in the qualitative evaluation. TrueFISP performed worse, FLASH worst. The individually weighted DESS sequences were generally better than the conventional DESS with the significant increase of cartilage-fluid contrast (46.9±18.0/31.9±11.4 versus 22.0±7.3) as main advantage. Individually weighted DESS is the most promising candidate; all tested sequences performed better than FLASH.European journal of radiology 02/2010; 78(3):398-405. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We wanted to compare the two-dimensional (2D) fast spin echo (FSE) techniques and the three-dimensional (3D) fast field echo techniques for the evaluation of the chondromalacia patella using a microscopy coil. Twenty five patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty were included in this study. Preoperative MRI evaluation of the patella was performed using a microscopy coil (47 mm). The proton density-weighted fast spin echo images (PD), the fat-suppressed PD images (FS-PD), the intermediate weighted-fat suppressed fast spin echo images (iw-FS-FSE), the 3D balanced-fast field echo images (B-FFE), the 3D water selective cartilage scan (WATS-c) and the 3D water selective fluid scan (WATS-f) were obtained on a 1.5T MRI scanner. The patellar cartilage was evaluated in nine areas: the superior, middle and the inferior portions that were subdivided into the medial, central and lateral facets in a total of 215 areas. Employing the Noyes grading system, the MRI grade 0-I, II and III lesions were compared using the gross and microscopic findings. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were evaluated for each sequence. The significance of the differences for the individual sequences was calculated using the McNemar test. The gross and microscopic findings demonstrated 167 grade 0-I lesions, 40 grade II lesions and eight grade III lesions. Iw-FS-FSE had the highest accuracy (sensitivity/specificity/accuracy = 88%/98%/96%), followed by FS-PD (78%/98%/93%, respectively), PD (76%/98%/93%, respectively), B-FFE (71%/100%/93%, respectively), WATS-c (67%/100%/92%, respectively) and WATS-f (58%/99%/89%, respectively). There were statistically significant differences for the iw-FS-FSE and WATS-f and for the PD-FS and WATS-f (p < 0.01). The iw-FS-FSE images obtained with a microscopy coil show best diagnostic performance among the 2D and 3D GRE images for evaluating the chondromalacia patella.Korean journal of radiology: official journal of the Korean Radiological Society 01/2011; 12(1):78-88. · 1.32 Impact Factor
Article: Advanced MRI of articular cartilage.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Musculoskeletal MRI is advancing rapidly, with innovative technology and significant potential for immediate clinical impact. In particular, cartilage imaging has become a topic of increasing interest as our aging population develops diseases such as osteoarthritis. Advances in MRI hardware and software have led to increased image quality and tissue contrast. Additional developments have allowed the assessment of cartilage macromolecular content, which may be crucial to the early detection of musculoskeletal diseases. This comprehensive article considers current morphological and physiological cartilage imaging techniques, their clinical applications, and their potential to contribute to future improvements in the imaging of cartilage.Imaging in medicine 10/2011; 3(5):541-555.