[Effects on proliferation ability of vascular smooth muscle cells by static and/or dynamic cell culture: utility of pre-seeding technique for dynamic cell culture].
ABSTRACT Conventional biomaterials are not viable, do not grow, and do not provide contractile effects in cardiac tissue. Foreign synthetic material may become thrombogenic or infected. The most recent cardiac constructs consist of biodegradable material which has the potential to solve these problems. However, dynamic three-dimensional cell culture is necessary because conventional culture is limited to construct tough biografts.
Vascular smooth muscle cells derived from rat aorta were seeded to poly-L-lactide-epsilon-capro-lactone copolymer in three groups; static culture group (static cell seeding + static cell culture), dynamic culture group (dynamic cell seeding + dynamic cell culture), and pre-seeding group [static cell seeding and culture for 1 week (pre-seeding) + dynamic cell culture]. The dynamic cell culture system used an original spinner flask. The pre-seeding technique used static cell seeding and culture before dynamic culture. The three groups were evaluated by cell proliferation and histologic studies.
Vascular smooth muscle cells could be proliferated in/on the biodegradable materials. The pre-seeding group cells grew much more efficiently than the other groups. Very few cells were found in the biodegradable materials with the dynamic groups. However, there were many cells in the materials with the static culture group and pre-seeding group, especially the pre-seeding group.
Dynamic culture is useful for constructing tough biografts by the pre-seeding technique.
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ABSTRACT: There is great interest in the development of cardiac stem cells (CSCs) cell-based therapeutics; thus, clinical translation requires an efficient method for attaining therapeutic quantities of these cells. Furthermore, an in vitro model to investigate the mechanisms regulating the cardiac homeostasis is crucial. We sought to develop a simple myocardial culture method for enabling both the recapitulation of myocardial homeostasis and the simultaneous isolation of CSCs. The intact myocardial fragments were encapsulated 3-dimensionally into the fibrin and cultured under dynamic conditions. The fibrin provided secure physical support and substratum to the myocardium, which mediated integrin-mediated cell signaling that allowed in situ renewal, outgrowth and cardiomyogenic differentiation of CSCs, mimicking myocardial homeostasis. Since our culture maintained the myocardial CSCs niches, it was possible to define the identity of in vitro renewed CSCs that situated in the interstitium between cardiomyocytes and microvessels. Lastly, the use of matrix-restricted fibrinolysis enabled the selective isolation of outgrown CSCs that retained the clonogenicity, long-term growth competency and cardiovascular commitment potential. Collectively, this myocardial culture might be used as an alternative tool for studying cardiac biology and developing cell-based therapeutics. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Biomaterials 04/2015; 48. DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.01.041